Indian ocean – Gurugama http://gurugama.org/ Mon, 20 Jun 2022 14:38:46 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 http://gurugama.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/favicon-16.png Indian ocean – Gurugama http://gurugama.org/ 32 32 ASEAN should claim leadership over Indo-Pacific, says Saifuddin http://gurugama.org/asean-should-claim-leadership-over-indo-pacific-says-saifuddin/ Mon, 20 Jun 2022 14:38:46 +0000 http://gurugama.org/asean-should-claim-leadership-over-indo-pacific-says-saifuddin/ (This is the first of three articles based on the interview with Malaysian Foreign Minister Datuk Seri Saifuddin Abdullah in New Delhi on the sidelines of the recent ASEAN-India Foreign Ministers’ Meeting) NEW DELHI (June 20): The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) should assume a leadership role on Indo-Pacific issues rather than continuing to […]]]>

(This is the first of three articles based on the interview with Malaysian Foreign Minister Datuk Seri Saifuddin Abdullah in New Delhi on the sidelines of the recent ASEAN-India Foreign Ministers’ Meeting)

NEW DELHI (June 20): The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) should assume a leadership role on Indo-Pacific issues rather than continuing to react to the actions of other nations, said Malaysian Foreign Minister Datuk Seri Saifuddin Abdullah.

He said a number of non-ASEAN countries have taken initiatives that affect the region’s security, safety and prosperity.

“Lately, we have seen a number of initiatives from our partners, directly or indirectly, related to ASEAN,” the minister said. Bernama in an interview on the sidelines of the ASEAN-India Foreign Ministers’ Meeting.

In response to major Western and Asian countries, including India and China, which are stepping up their geopolitical involvement in the Asia-Pacific and Indian Ocean regions, ASEAN in 2019 proposed the “Perspectives of the ‘ASEAN on the Indo-Pacific’ (AOIP).

He stresses that ASEAN should lead the formation of the region’s economic and security architecture.

Saifuddin is of the view that ASEAN should not take a reactive approach to regional developments.

“We must possess the leadership. ASEAN must claim leadership by talking about the region, rather than reacting to other people talking about the region,” he said.

One arrangement that often grabs the headlines because of its Indo-Pacific focus is the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, better known as the Quad and made up of the United States, Japan, Australia and the United States. India.

Although its beginning is attributed to the humanitarian efforts and disasters of the four countries following the Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004, it took official form in 2007.

Sometimes referred to as “Asian NATO”, the Quad’s Indo-Pacific activities have grown significantly over the past five years, taking into account China’s growing regional influence.

“Now we have others too, we have AUKUS, we have IPEF,” Saifuddin said, adding that China was also looking to develop ties with the Pacific islands.

AUKUS is the security partnership announced by Australia, the UK and the US in September last year, while the US-led Indo-Pacific Economic Framework for Prosperity (IPEF) has was launched in May this year.

ASEAN’s Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam are among the 13 IPEF members along with all Quad partners.

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Almandine Garnet Market Outlook 2022 and Forecast to 2029 http://gurugama.org/almandine-garnet-market-outlook-2022-and-forecast-to-2029/ Sat, 18 Jun 2022 06:09:40 +0000 http://gurugama.org/almandine-garnet-market-outlook-2022-and-forecast-to-2029/ Los Angeles, USA,-The recently published report by Verified Market Reports titled Global Almandine Garnet Market Report 2022 is designed in such a way as to help the readers to gain complete knowledge of the whole market scenario and is the most profitable sector. Research reports also provide statistically accurate data. It examines the historical achievements […]]]>

Los Angeles, USA,-The recently published report by Verified Market Reports titled Global Almandine Garnet Market Report 2022 is designed in such a way as to help the readers to gain complete knowledge of the whole market scenario and is the most profitable sector. Research reports also provide statistically accurate data. It examines the historical achievements and recent opportunities present in the global Peptide Therapies market. Verified market reports focus on consumption, region, type, application specific composition and competition. The report mainly splits data by region to analyze major companies, applications and product types.

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  • Garnet GMA
  • Indian Ocean Garnet Sands Company
  • Barton International
  • Opta Minerals
  • Mineral VV
  • Industrial Mineral Company
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  • Zircon Mineral Society
  • Trimex Sands
  • Global Developer
  • Transmonde Garnet
  • Rizhao Garnet

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Report attribute Details
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Two battles for democracy – The Atlantic http://gurugama.org/two-battles-for-democracy-the-atlantic/ Wed, 15 Jun 2022 21:30:00 +0000 http://gurugama.org/two-battles-for-democracy-the-atlantic/ This is an edition of The Atlantic Daily, a newsletter that guides you through the biggest stories of the day, helps you discover new ideas and recommends the best in culture. Register here. Democracy is under attack everywhere, and today I want us all to remember that as we calmly peel back the layers of […]]]>

This is an edition of The Atlantic Daily, a newsletter that guides you through the biggest stories of the day, helps you discover new ideas and recommends the best in culture. Register here.

Democracy is under attack everywhere, and today I want us all to remember that as we calmly peel back the layers of the January 6 plot, people are dying for their right to be free in Ukraine.

But first, here are three new stories from Atlantic.


no respite

The January 6 committee will be back in session tomorrow, when I will report on what we are learning about the struggle for democracy in America. (I personally already enjoy the clip of White House attorney Eric Herschmann telling blow whisperer John Eastman, indeed, to go home and get his shine box.)

In Ukraine, however, another battle for democracy is being fought not with papers, emails and text messages, but in blood, ashes and fire. This is all happening because a Kremlin dictator told Ukrainians to bow to him, give up their freedom and become his subjects, and they refused, some at the cost of their lives.

The Ukrainians are surviving for now. The Russians, defeated in the Battle of Kyiv, are now waging a savage war of attrition on Ukraine’s eastern front. Vladimir Putin’s dream of capturing the country is over, but the short-term operational goal now seems to be to crush the Ukrainians, soldier by soldier, and seize territory, meter by meter, in the Donbass.

This is why Western strategists are watching the Battle of Severodonetsk so closely. The city is wedged between two large areas under Russian control, and capturing it would solve a lot of Moscow’s problems. The city, now “cut in two”, is in danger of falling. This is important because afterwards it may seem like the Russians are stalling or giving up, as they more likely consolidate a significant gain on the eastern Ukrainian front that will allow them to launch a major offensive later in the year. year.

So far, the West is doing the right thing – or at least most of the free West is doing it. Yet we need to do everything faster and bigger. In The New York Times yesterday Bret Stephens referenced a quote from Richard Nixon that I had never heard; When told what help the Israelis needed to defend themselves during the 1973 Yom Kippur War, Nixon ordered his staff to “double up” and then “get out of here and get the job done.”

That’s good advice for the Biden administration, which this afternoon pledged an additional $1 billion in aid. Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin was in Brussels today, leading a ‘contact group’ of nearly 50 countries to help secure even more aid for Ukraine and to get Ukraine through from Soviet era weapons to modern NATO weapons.

I want to add a word here about Secretary Austin. When he was appointed, I was uneasy. I’ve worked for the MoD for a quarter of a century, and I’m pretty old school in my reluctance to appoint senior officers to cabinet posts (unless your name is George Marshall). I prefer civilians, who have not acquired the ingrained habit of military obedience to the president, which is why I warned against Donald Trump’s fascination with hiring generals in the White House.

And yet, Austin’s nomination turned out to be a fluke.

In less dangerous times, it would be great to have a defense intellectual in the Pentagon who can work with the president on a vision for a better, more modern Department of Defense. However, when Russia launched the biggest war in Europe since the Nazis marched east, the United States and NATO needed a military leader who understood field operations and types of in-game weapon systems. Austin has a lot of experience, including serving as commander of Central Command and his time in Syria. Now is not the time for a lot of big thinking; now is the time to talk to our friends and allies in very detailed terms about weapons systems and how to get them where they need to be. Austin is the right man for that.

Moscow’s hold on Ukraine has been broken. But the war is not over and we have to get rid of the romantic notions that the Ukrainians will move forward and take back all occupied Ukrainian territories. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has often compared his country’s fight against Russia to World War II, a fight between a free people and a barbarian invader. He’s right, and it won’t be over anytime soon. We must remain firm in our support.

Further reading:

Read all of our coverage of the war on Ukraine.


Today’s news
  1. The Justice Department has charged the Buffalo supermarket shooting suspect with 26 counts of hate crimes and weapons violations.
  2. The Federal Reserve has announced the largest interest rate hike since 1994 as it tries to fight rising inflation.
  3. The Supreme Court has rejected an appeal by several Republican-led states to defend a Trump administration immigration policy.

Dispatches

Evening reading
(Illustration by Oliver Munday. Sources: Gallo Images / Getty; Ed Habershon / BBC)

They got down on their knees and kissed the sand

Cullen Murphy Story

When Olivier Bancoult boarded the ship that was to take him 1,000 miles across the Indian Ocean to the Chagos Archipelago – his childhood home, from where he and his fellow islanders had been expelled 50 years earlier – he carried five wrought iron crosses.

Read the article completely.

More Atlantic


cultural break
A painting of books lying on a table
(Getty)

Lily. Life after deathby Julia Alvarez, is a philosophical novel that also happens to be a page-turner.

Or try another pick from our reading list of books you may have missed as the world shut down in 2020.

Look. by Steven Spielberg Minority reportreleased 20 years ago, offers a technology warning that the world is only beginning to heed.

Play our daily crosswords.


Speaking of Spielberg (and WWII), every year on Memorial Day there are a lot of viewings of Band of brothers, HBO’s stunning mini-series about a company of American soldiers in Europe. But don’t overlook Michael Kamen’s majestic score throughout the rest of the year, including soulful sequels you haven’t heard on the show.

– To M

PS Our podcast team wants to hear your questions about Dobbs vs. Jackson and the future of abortion rights. Please send a voicemail of approximately one minute or less to radioatlantic@theatlantic.com to tell us what you think of the legal, practical and other implications of the SCOTUS decision.

Isabel Fattal contributed to this newsletter.

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At Shangri-La Dialogue, war in Ukraine and US-China tensions take center stage in India’s absence http://gurugama.org/at-shangri-la-dialogue-war-in-ukraine-and-us-china-tensions-take-center-stage-in-indias-absence/ Mon, 13 Jun 2022 07:30:25 +0000 http://gurugama.org/at-shangri-la-dialogue-war-in-ukraine-and-us-china-tensions-take-center-stage-in-indias-absence/ Asia’s connection to the war in Ukraine, US-China tensions and maritime security were highlights of the just-concluded first Asian Defense and Security Summit (June 10-12), dialogue of Shangri-La, amid the noticeable absence of an Indian political narrative. in the Indo-Pacific region. The annual dialogue, named after the Singapore hotel where it is held, is organized […]]]>

Asia’s connection to the war in Ukraine, US-China tensions and maritime security were highlights of the just-concluded first Asian Defense and Security Summit (June 10-12), dialogue of Shangri-La, amid the noticeable absence of an Indian political narrative. in the Indo-Pacific region.

The annual dialogue, named after the Singapore hotel where it is held, is organized by the leading London-based global strategic studies think tank, the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), of which I am a senior member. The dialogue, held after a two-year hiatus due to COVID-19, brought together 32 defense ministers from the Indo-Pacific region as well as military leaders, diplomats, influential experts, commentators and defense industry leaders from 40 countries. During the dialogue, US and Chinese defense ministers met “in person” for the first time; and the IISS was invited to facilitate 127 bilateral meetings between official delegates.

The consequences of the war in Ukraine are felt around the world, including loss of life, rising oil and fertilizer prices, food shortages, supply chain shocks and inflationary pressures; exacerbating the economic pressures of the ongoing pandemic.

Delivering the keynote address, Japanese Prime Minister Kishida Fumio reiterated his view that “the Ukraine of today could be East Asia tomorrow” in case the order based on rules in the Indo-Pacific would be illegally flouted, as in the case of Ukraine by Russia. His remarks targeted the possibility of an attack on Taiwan by China, although neither country was named.

Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida delivers the keynote address at the opening dinner of the 19th Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore, June 10, 2022. Photo: Reuters/Caroline Chia

Strongly condemning Russia’s aggression and violations of the UN Charter, he called for severe sanctions against Russia to demonstrate the visible consequences of its aggression against Ukraine. This may be due to concerns in some Asian quarters that Chinese President Xi Jinping may have interpreted US President Joe Biden’s decision not to intervene directly in the war in Ukraine as a signal that Washington would not defend Taipei.

France’s new defense minister, Sébastien Lecornu, has stressed that “the problems of the Indo-Pacific are the problems of France”, apparently contradicting an official Indian view that “the problems of Europe were the world problems; but the problems of the world were not the problems of Europe”.

For the first time, a virtual interaction took place with a special address by the President of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelensky, who said that “preventive sanctions” should have been taken against Russia before the start of the war. Its significance did not escape delegates in relation to Taiwan. There were no Russian participants in this year’s Shangri-La dialogue.

Clearly aware of some regional concerns about US engagement in Taiwan, US Secretary of Defense Lloyd J. Austin III stressed that the United States would maintain a rules-based international order and defend its interests in the region “without flinching”. Stressing the United States’ commitment to a “one China” policy and refusing to support an independent Taiwan, he sharply criticized China’s “more coercive and aggressive approach” to of its territorial claims in the Indo-Pacific and the “tensions with its neighbours”. But Austin maintained the lines of communication were open with Chinese defense leaders.

In response, Chinese State Councilor and Minister of National Defense General Wei Fenghe dismissed “US threats against China”, noting that China would “counterattack if attacked” and “would not hesitate not to retaliate and defeat the aggressor”. In a tone never before heard in the Shangri-La dialogue series, he noted that China would “fight to the end” to prevent the independence of “Taiwan from China”; while affirming that “no one can stop” the reunification of Taiwan.

Chinese State Councilor and Defense Minister General Wei Fenghe answers questions from the audience during a plenary session during the 19th Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore on June 12, 2022. Photo: Reuters/Caroline Chia

An influential American expert participating in the dialogue, Dr. Roger Kangas, Dean of the Near East and South Asia Center (NESA) at the United States National Defense University, noted the escalating tensions American-Chinese dialogue in contrast to the Shangri-La dialogue three years ago, with “different narratives about the events and the role each wants to play in the region”.

Although General Wei ignored India in his speech, in response to a question he blamed India for the “friction along the border”, adding: “We found a lot of weapons belonging to the Indian side, they also sent people to the Chinese side of the territory”.

There has been no official Indian response to counter this view.

In contrast, Austin mentioned India’s border tensions with China and said that “India’s growing military capabilities can be a stabilizing force in the region.” While Austin noted the “historic crisis” caused by the Russian invasion of Ukraine, with global and not just European consequences, he stressed that the Indo-Pacific region was “at the heart of American grand strategy”.

In response to a question, General Wei called China’s ties with Russia a “partnership, not an alliance” that “will continue to grow.”

On maritime security, a senior Indian Navy officer, Vice Admiral Biswajit Dasgupta, Head of Eastern Naval Command based in Vishakapatnam, admirably articulated India’s adherence to maritime codes of conduct and the importance of crisis communication. This was based on India’s compliance with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) (1982), which laid the foundation for a rules-based international order at sea. leverage regional dialogue mechanisms and crisis communication strategies. In response to questions, he pointed to improved ties with the US Navy and the “almost permanent” presence of the Chinese Navy in India through its longstanding anti-piracy missions off the Gulf of Aden. Although China’s presence in the Indian Ocean should be monitored, it was “not a major challenge” for the Indian Navy, he concluded.

For a region that sits at the “heart” of India’s foreign and security policy, as Prime Minister Narendra Modi described it when launching India’s vision for the Indo-Pacific at the dialogue IISS Shangri-La four years ago, the absence of ministerial representation of defense was inexplicable. It was puzzling when two days earlier Defense Minister Rajnath Singh visited Vietnam to expand bilateral defense commitments and sign a memorandum of understanding on mutual logistical support. More so, when a plenary speech by Indian defense ministers at the Shangri-La dialogue would have highlighted India’s leadership role in the Indo-Pacific region at a time of a post-COVID new world order. is emerging. A missed strategic opportunity for defense diplomacy.

Rahul Roy-Chaudhury, Senior Fellow for South Asia, International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), London.

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China hardens stance along border with India : US Def Secy : The Tribune India http://gurugama.org/china-hardens-stance-along-border-with-india-us-def-secy-the-tribune-india/ Sat, 11 Jun 2022 06:15:18 +0000 http://gurugama.org/china-hardens-stance-along-border-with-india-us-def-secy-the-tribune-india/ Tribune press service Ajay Banerjee New Delhi, June 11 US Secretary of Defense Lloyd J. Austin said on Saturday that “Beijing continues to harden its stance along the border it shares with India.” This is the second such sighting by a senior US official this week. Austin was speaking on day two of […]]]>


Tribune press service

Ajay Banerjee

New Delhi, June 11

US Secretary of Defense Lloyd J. Austin said on Saturday that “Beijing continues to harden its stance along the border it shares with India.”

This is the second such sighting by a senior US official this week.

Austin was speaking on day two of the three-day Shangri-La Dialogue, which was taking place in Singapore.

Earlier on June 8, US Army Pacific Commanding General Charles A. Flynn, during a visit to India, said the infrastructure China has created near its border with India in Ladakh was “alarming”, describing Chinese activity in this region as “revealing”. ”.

Today in Singapore, Austin speaking on China’s expanding territorial claims, said “this is particularly important as the PRC (People’s Republic of China) takes a more coercive and aggressive approach to of its territorial claims.

In the East China Sea, the expansion of the Chinese fishing fleet is causing tensions with its neighbors. In the South China Sea, the PRC is using outposts on artificial islands bristling with advanced weaponry to advance its illegal maritime claims, Austin said, adding, “We see PRC ships looting supplies from the region, operating illegally in the territorial waters of other Indo-Pacific countries.

Speaking on expanding ties with India, Austin said the United States was forging closer ties with other partners. “I am thinking in particular of India, the largest democracy in the world. We believe its growing military capability and technological prowess can be a stabilizing force in the region.

And last spring, the USS Theodore Roosevelt Carrier Strike Group rotated in the Indian Ocean and conducted simultaneous joint operations with the Indian Navy and Indian Air Force that integrated air power and anti-submarine warfare. The United States and India are partners in the Quadrangle or Quad.

On U.S.-China relations, Austin said that includes fully open lines of communication with China’s defense leadership to ensure “we can avoid miscalculations.” These are deeply, deeply important conversations. And the United States is fully committed to doing its part. »

The Shangrila Dialogue is a unique platform for debate between ministers and senior officials, as well as business leaders and security experts, on developing security challenges in Asia.

The dialogue includes plenary debates led by government ministers, as well as important opportunities for bilateral discussions between delegations.

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India will simultaneously launch a human in space and a human in the ocean: Dr Jitendra – Latest News from Jammu and Kashmir | Tourism http://gurugama.org/india-will-simultaneously-launch-a-human-in-space-and-a-human-in-the-ocean-dr-jitendra-latest-news-from-jammu-and-kashmir-tourism/ Wed, 08 Jun 2022 21:47:01 +0000 http://gurugama.org/india-will-simultaneously-launch-a-human-in-space-and-a-human-in-the-ocean-dr-jitendra-latest-news-from-jammu-and-kashmir-tourism/ Union Minister Dr Jitendra Singh speaking at the World Ocean Day ceremony hosted by the Ministry of Earth Sciences in Prithvi Bhawan, New Delhi on Wednesday. Excelsior Correspondent NEW DELHI, June 8: Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Science and Technology; Minister of State (Independent Charge) Earth Sciences; MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances, Pensions, Atomic […]]]>
Union Minister Dr Jitendra Singh speaking at the World Ocean Day ceremony hosted by the Ministry of Earth Sciences in Prithvi Bhawan, New Delhi on Wednesday.

Excelsior Correspondent

NEW DELHI, June 8: Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Science and Technology; Minister of State (Independent Charge) Earth Sciences; MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances, Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh said today that India will get the unique distinction of simultaneously launching the first human space mission “Gaganyaan” as well as the first manned ocean mission in 2023.
Addressing the World Oceans Day celebrations here, Dr Jitendra Singh said the trials for the manned space and ocean missions have reached an advanced stage and the unique feat will most likely be achieved in the second half. of 2023. The Minister informed that sea trials of the 500-meter shallow-water version of the manned submersible are expected to take place in 2023, followed by MATSYA 6000, the deep-sea manned submersible which will be ready for sea trials. here the second quarter of 2024. Similarly, for Gaganyaan, the major missions namely, a test vehicle flight for the validation of the performance of the crew evacuation system and Gaganyaan’s 1st uncrewed mission ( G1) are scheduled for the 2nd half of 2022 and will be followed by a second uncrewed mission at the end of 2022 carrying “Vyommitra” a space human robot developed by ISRO and finally the first crewed Gaganyaan mission in 2023.
Dr Jitendra Singh said the government will soon unveil the “Blue Economic Policy” and added that around 40 million people will be employed by ocean industries by 2030. Referring to the Prime Minister’s speech from the ramparts of the Fort Rouge last year, in which Modi said: “The Deep Ocean mission is the result of our ambition to explore the limitless possibilities of the ocean. The mineral wealth that is hidden in the sea, the thermal energy that is in the sea water, can bring new heights to the development of the country,” the minister said, R&D and exploration activities in the ‘Amrit Kaal of the next 25 years to be a prominent feature of the Indian economy when it turns 100.
Inspired by the unlocking of the space sector and opening up the sector to private participation, Dr Jitendra Singh proposed to revive the commercial arm of the Ministry of Earth Sciences. He said marine businesses in India must reach their full potential as the oceans provide living and non-living resources, from fisheries to marine biotechnology, minerals to renewable energy. It also provides social and economic goods and services such as tourism and recreation, maritime transport and coastal security and protection, the minister added.
Expressing concern over reports such as the depletion of large fish populations by 90% and the destruction of 50% of coral reefs, Dr Jitendra Singh called for joint efforts to create a new balance with the ocean that n no longer depletes its wealth but rather restores its vibrancy and brings its new life. He said that in accordance with COP resolutions, all nations should strive to protect at least 30% of our blue planet by 2030 and added that it is very important that 30% of land, water and oceans of our planet are protected and therefore be known as 30X30.
The minister pointed out that among the world’s major ocean basins, the Indian Ocean is quite complex and challenging due to the inversion of the wind system, generally known as the Indian monsoon. The only ocean bearing the country name “India”, the regions of the northern basin of the Indian Ocean experience both the southwest and northeast monsoon system bringing lots of rain and serving as a lifeline for Indian agriculture and water resources.
Dr. Jitendra Singh reiterated the ministry’s overarching vision as “Excelling in Earth System Science to Improve Lives through World-Class Services for Weather, Climate, Ocean, Coastal and Natural Hazards; the sustainable exploitation of ocean resources and the exploration of the polar regions”.
MoES Secretary Dr. M. Ravichandran said, “India has a long coastline of 7,517 km, contributing to ecological wealth, biodiversity and economy. He said that every year, thousands of tons of waste consisting of plastics, glass, metals, sanitary products, clothes, etc. reach the oceans and plastics make up a significant portion (~60%) of the total litter that finds its way to the ocean each year.

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China in the South Pacific – Latest News – The Nation http://gurugama.org/china-in-the-south-pacific-latest-news-the-nation/ Mon, 06 Jun 2022 20:45:57 +0000 http://gurugama.org/china-in-the-south-pacific-latest-news-the-nation/ The American compulsion to contain and manage China’s phenomenal rise grows tougher, darker, and more urgent every day. US efforts to circumscribe its sphere of influence and concomitant strategic reach around the world appear to be floundering. China, on the other hand, taking advantage of its raging BRI, has effectively moved across Eurasia into Western […]]]>

The American compulsion to contain and manage China’s phenomenal rise grows tougher, darker, and more urgent every day. US efforts to circumscribe its sphere of influence and concomitant strategic reach around the world appear to be floundering. China, on the other hand, taking advantage of its raging BRI, has effectively moved across Eurasia into Western Europe, is well established in the SCAR (BRI-CPEC) and is making substantial entries into the GMER and Africa.

Now it appears to be overtaking American efforts to encircle and confine it to the Indo-Pacific. In a daring scheme, of serious geopolitical, geoeconomic and geostrategic significance, it moved vehemently across the South Pacific. He freed himself from the psychological chains that the policies of the United States and its allies (US Island Chain Strategy, QUAD, AUKUS) ostensibly wanted to impose on him. It is rapidly emerging as a major player, an alternative center of power in the South Pacific as well.

This multi-pronged Chinese attack globally is of serious concern to the United States as it scrambles to retain its increasingly contested global hegemony. The Ukrainian crisis could help it deal with the BRI in Europe/Eurasia, albeit temporarily. It has brought India into its ranks and their national interests generally converge in SCAR, largely against China and specifically against the BRI-CPEC which runs through Pakistan. In the Indo-Pacific, he created the QUAD, (Australia, India, Japan), through which he intends to confine China within manageable limits.

To be truly effective, the QUAD will inevitably have to acquire a significant military avatar and a tangible political will to employ it. AUKUS, Five Eyes and NATO (?) may also need to focus more intensely on the South Pacific. It is therefore here that the United States and its allies are now intervening decisively not only to stop this Chinese behemoth, but also to deny it any major takeover in this very critical region. Some reports indicate that South Korea and Japan could be part of QUAD and AUKUS respectively.

Deep geopolitical maneuvering to dominate, control and manage the South Pacific is now the new norm there.

The South Pacific, aka Oceania, includes at least ten thousand islands. The main sub-regions are Australasia (Australia, New Zealand), Melanesia (Vanuatu, Fiji, Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea), Micronesia (Micronesia, Palau, Kiribati, Nauru, Marshall Islands, Guam , Northern Mariana Islands, Wake Islands), Polynesia (New Zealand, Hawaii, Samoa, Tonga, French Polynesia) et al.

What matters most is not the size of these islands or their populations, but the massive EEZs they control – a whopping 7.7 million square kilometers of vast, open, and rich ocean space! Moreover, their crucial geostrategic locations make them indispensable to any great power that claims to dominate the region, as was amply demonstrated during World War II.

China’s entry into the South Pacific gives it immense geopolitical advantages. He made serious overtures to some of the major island states/sub-regions of the South Pacific and engaged them in diplomatic, economic, climate change, trade, tourism, agriculture, security, investment and other related fields.

Climate change is a huge concern for these island states, as rising sea levels threaten their very existence. FM Wang Yi is on a whirlwind tour of the South Pacific to develop mutually beneficial relationships with them. The Chinese move provides these island states with options other than those traditionally provided by US-led Australia, New Zealand and Japan. Moreover, China is successfully encouraging them to move to a one-China policy, further crystallizing its evolving sphere of influence.

At the geostrategic level, this Chinese maneuver totally negates the US island chain strategy – a maritime containment scheme first devised during the Korean War to restrain the former USSR and the PRC; still valid and applicable. It proposed to surround the USSR and the PRC with a series of military/naval bases in the Western Pacific on three parallel island chains, with the intention of projecting power and restricting access to the sea. (area denial, anti-access!).

In addition, two island chains are also envisaged in the Indian Ocean to reinforce this strategy. The Chinese see it as a maritime encirclement at the strategic level and seem to have crossed it. In one fell swoop, they changed the dynamics and paradigms of the US Island Chain Strategy and the geostrategic environment of the region. By penetrating deep into the South Pacific, they greatly increased their strategic reach and increased the possibilities of acquiring military/naval bases in the region as well.

This portends a substantial expansion of the potential Pacific theater of war, causing a pull on US-led forces in the Indo-Pacific, placing vital SLOCs in the region under its watch and positioning itself well to exploit the enormous riches of the South Pacific. Ocean! Chinese bases on Spratly and Paracel Islands in the South China Sea now allow its strategic bombers to penetrate even deeper into the South Pacific. The emergence of China as a real power in the Pacific/South Pacific Ocean is therefore inevitable.

At the geo-economic level, China is making a very deep and unequivocal push into the resource-rich and strategically crucial region. It is looking for new markets and access to the region’s enormous fisheries, raw materials and mineral resources. This is a win-win position for China and the Pacific Island States. Bilateral trade, climate change, investments, infrastructure development, tourism, etc. are the vectors allowing this relationship to develop further. Some analysts see Beijing’s forays into the region as stepping stones to the Americas and Antarctica as well. Thus, an economic challenge is developing for the island states of the Pacific in the Chinese presence in their region.

The Chinese incursion below could have angered the traditional powers of the Pacific Ocean. However, if a free and open Indo-Pacific is a sine qua non for coexistence there, then the same paradigms must be applied here as well; China and the Pacific Island States should develop their relations peacefully and without undue outside interference/influence.

The South Pacific must become a region of development, peace and stability and must never be allowed to degenerate into another potential theater of war!

The author is a retired brigadier in the Pakistani army. He can be reached at im.k846@gmail.com and tweets @K846Im.

The South Pacific must become a region of development, peace and stability.

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Dolphins in Mumbai: Maharashtra government to conduct population survey of Indian Ocean humpback dolphins after 27 sightings in Backbay area of ​​SoBo http://gurugama.org/dolphins-in-mumbai-maharashtra-government-to-conduct-population-survey-of-indian-ocean-humpback-dolphins-after-27-sightings-in-backbay-area-of-sobo/ Sun, 05 Jun 2022 07:06:06 +0000 http://gurugama.org/dolphins-in-mumbai-maharashtra-government-to-conduct-population-survey-of-indian-ocean-humpback-dolphins-after-27-sightings-in-backbay-area-of-sobo/ Bombay, June 5: The Maharashtra Forest Department’s Mangrove Foundation said on Saturday that it would conduct the first-ever population estimate of dolphins in the coastal waters of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR). According to sources, the state government has decided to conduct a detailed survey of the 150 kilometer MMR coastline. According to a report […]]]>

Bombay, June 5: The Maharashtra Forest Department’s Mangrove Foundation said on Saturday that it would conduct the first-ever population estimate of dolphins in the coastal waters of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR). According to sources, the state government has decided to conduct a detailed survey of the 150 kilometer MMR coastline.

According to a report by the Hindustan Times, the decision to conduct a dolphin population survey comes after a pilot study by the Coastal Conservation Foundation (CCF) resulted in around 27 sightings of humpback dolphins in the Indian Ocean. The dolphins were spotted in the Backbay area south of Mumbai. ITBP mountaineers sing “Badri Vishal Ki Jai” after climbing the peak of Mount Abi Gamin (watch the video).

By law, dolphins are an endangered cetacean species and they are protected under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act 1972. During the CCF pilot study in South Mumbai, the largest pod of dolphins included six individuals. Interestingly, the study was conducted between April 14 and May 11 from Haji Ali Bay to Raj Bhavan in South Mumbai. The study also said that of the 27 sightings, 15 sightings were of pods that included juvenile and subadult dolphins.

Shaunak Modi, Founder of CCF, said: “While dolphins in this region have been documented and photographed before, this study has given us the opportunity to understand how they respond to environmental and human-induced factors in the region. “Thanks to this pilot study, it is too early to know how many dolphins there are and how this area is regularly used by juveniles, sub-adults and adults.”

During the study, Modi’s team collected environmental data such as depth, temperature, salinity, turbidity and tidal flow in addition to anthropogenic data which included the presence of fishing activities, whenever a pod or individual dolphin was sighted. The team also photographed fins in order to use them to build a catalog of fins that could form the basis of future long-term population studies. Layer’r Shot’s new body spray ad criticized for promoting rape culture, government orders suspension of controversial ads.

Virendra Tiwari, Senior Chief Conservator of Forests (Mangrove Cell) said: “There have been reported roaming sightings of dolphins along the coast of Mumbai from Manori, Versova stream areas to Nariman Point, Marine Drive, and towards Alibaug for quite a while now. However, no population estimates or habitat use analyzes have been done before. The study will begin after the monsoon across the MMR. These dolphins are also biological indicators, their behavior and the environmental conditions they are in. Surviving them will also reveal more details about the climate impacts they are exposed to and the interventions we can put in place.”

(The story above first appeared on LatestLY on June 05, 2022 at 12:36 PM IST. For more news and updates on politics, world, sports, entertainment and lifestyle , log in to our website latestly.com).

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As the US is distracted, Tehran and Beijing tighten their grip on the Middle East http://gurugama.org/as-the-us-is-distracted-tehran-and-beijing-tighten-their-grip-on-the-middle-east/ Fri, 03 Jun 2022 12:29:17 +0000 http://gurugama.org/as-the-us-is-distracted-tehran-and-beijing-tighten-their-grip-on-the-middle-east/ Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi shakes hands with Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif during a meeting at Diaoyutai State Guesthouse on December 31, 2019 in Beijing, China. (Photo by Noel Celis – Pool/Getty Images) The United States appeared to have been caught off guard when it was revealed that China had signed a security […]]]>

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi shakes hands with Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif during a meeting at Diaoyutai State Guesthouse on December 31, 2019 in Beijing, China. (Photo by Noel Celis – Pool/Getty Images)

The United States appeared to have been caught off guard when it was revealed that China had signed a security pact with the Solomon Islands, part of the Asian giant’s broader move to expand its influence in the Pacific. South. But that’s not the only region Beijing is moving in while everyone’s eyes are on Europe. In the op-ed below, the FDD’s Bradley Bowman and his colleagues argue that the US must respond to China’s tightening relationship with another US adversary: ​​Iran.

With attention focused on the ongoing war in Ukraine, some may have missed Chinese Defense Minister Wei Fenghe’s recent visit to Tehran in a bid to deepen Sino-Iranian security ties. This is the most recent, but far from the first, public manifestation of the evolving political, economic and security partnership between China and Iran, which presents real challenges for the United States. and their partners.

China and Iran’s growing embrace of the Middle East underscores the short-sighted nature of popular sentiment in Washington that the United States should “pivot” away from the Middle East to compete more effectively with China. Instead, Washington should compete by expanding combined military exercises with Israel and its Arab partners; accelerate regional arms sales [PDF] focused on intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, interdiction, and air and missile defense capabilities; and examine the impacts of any proposed additional US military withdrawals from the Middle East.

Wei said his April trip to Tehran was aimed at “improving strategic defense cooperation” between Iran and China and “pushing[ing] the relationship between the two armies at a higher level. The commander of the Iranian Armed Forces General Staff echoed these goals and announced that the two countries will hold more exercises and military exchanges in the future. In January, China, Iran and Russia conducted a trilateral naval exercise in the Gulf of Oman and the northern Indian Ocean, building on a previous exercise in December 2019.

During his meeting with Wei, Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi left no doubt as to the main objective of Sino-Iranian cooperation, stressing the need to confront “unilateralism”, a term that China and Iran both use when referring to the United States.

But the growing Sino-Iranian relationship is not just a problem for the United States. It also creates a series of security problems for the Arab states of the Persian Gulf, Israel and Europe. The growing economic partnership between China and Iran will provide the Islamic Republic with more resources to proliferate weapons to its proxies and terrorist partners, expand its arsenals of missiles and drones, threaten shipping, undermine international sanctions and advance its nuclear program. From the Chinese Communist Party’s perspective, the growing security partnership undermines US interests in the Middle East and helps secure Beijing’s access to much-needed Middle Eastern oil.

With these motives in mind, following the implementation of the 2015 Iran nuclear deal, Tehran and Beijing signed a military cooperation agreement in 2016 to strengthen defense ties between the countries. In March 2021, when it was clear Washington was seeking to resuscitate the nuclear deal, China and Iran signed a 25-year strategic partnership. The deal would call for expanded Sino-Iranian military and intelligence cooperation and see Beijing invest hundreds of millions of dollars in Iranian energy development and infrastructure. Then, in September 2021, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), dominated by China and Russia, unanimously agreed to elevate Iran to full member status.

The United States and its partners are right to fear that Tehran could acquire advanced Chinese military capabilities. Beijing was an important source of Tehran’s anti-ship missile capabilities during and after the Iran-Iraq war, as well as an early supporter of its solid-propellant missile program through transfers. China remains a key jurisdiction for procuring goods for Tehran’s ballistic missile arsenal, which US intelligence assesses [PDF] to be the largest in the region. The US-China Economic and Security Review Commission recently found [PDF] that at least one of the ballistic missiles Iran claims to have used to attack US forces in Iraq was “highly likely to have been developed with Chinese ballistic missile technology”.

With a UN arms embargo on Iran already in the rearview mirror and UN bans on Iranian missile tests and transfers set to expire next year, the Islamic Republic could turn to the China to provide anti-access/area denial capabilities that could threaten the United States and its partner forces and embolden Tehran. This should particularly worry Israel, knowing that China’s advanced weaponry could make a strike against Iran’s nuclear program even more difficult.

Some might argue that Beijing’s willingness not to ruffle Saudi Arabia or the United Arab Emirates could prevent the transfer of such weapons. But such concerns have not stopped China from conducting military exercises with Iran, nor deterred senior Chinese defense officials from visiting Iran. Moreover, Beijing has already signaled its willingness to jointly develop weapons with the Islamic Republic. In response to any concerns, Beijing could remind Riyadh and Abu Dhabi that they are also recipients of Chinese weapons.

Unlike many in Washington, Beijing understands the strategic importance of the broader Middle East and clearly plans to compete there. After all, China established its first overseas military base in Djibouti, just across the Bab al-Mandab Strait from Yemen. Beijing knows that Bab al-Mandab is one of the most important commercial and military sea routes in the world, allowing ships to travel from the Mediterranean via the Red Sea to the Indian Ocean and beyond.

Growing Chinese activity in the Middle East contrasts sharply with pleas from many in Washington who view the Middle East as an unnecessary distraction to be abandoned as soon as possible. It is true that the United States must scrutinize deployments in the Middle East and urgently strengthen its military posture in the Indo-Pacific. But before further reducing America’s position in the Middle East, leaders should consider lingering threats in the region. They should also understand that the US military posture in the Middle East stands at around 45,000 troops, down drastically from 2008, when nearly 300,000 troops were in the region supporting missions in Iraq and Afghanistan. [PDF].

Those inclined to dismiss such arguments should take into account that problems in the Middle East tend not to stay there and that these problems often get worse when Americans leave or lose interest. The US withdrawal from Iraq in 2011, which ignored conditions on the ground, catalyzed a series of events that led to the rise of the Islamic State and forced the return of US forces at greater cost in 2014.

Indeed, when America leaves, its worst enemies usually fill the void and grow stronger. This is exactly why Tehran is eager to expel US forces from the region. With the disappearance of the stabilizing American presence, Tehran would have a freer hand to export terrorism and dominate its neighbors. An autonomous Iran, in turn, would fuel the radicalization of Sunni Islamists and the recruitment of terrorist groups.

Meanwhile, Arab states see the United States as an increasingly unreliable security partner, one they perceive as simultaneously withdrawing forces and refusing even to sell weapons that address genuine security threats. . Arab partners may come to believe that they have no choice but to strengthen ties with Beijing, a dynamic that has already begun to occur and could further increase China’s influence and footprint in the world. the region.

Many Americans may be done with the Middle East, but the region is not done with us. US-China competition is being played out in the Middle East and if the US does not recognize this and retain sufficient forces in the region, Chinese diplomats and troops will be among the adversaries who happily greet the Americans’ departure.

Bradley Bowman is senior director of the Center on Military and Political Power at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies (FDD), where Zane Zovak and Ryan Brobst are research analysts and Behnam Ben Taleblu is senior fellow.

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Opportunities and risks for Australian agriculture amid global volatility http://gurugama.org/opportunities-and-risks-for-australian-agriculture-amid-global-volatility/ Mon, 30 May 2022 03:54:34 +0000 http://gurugama.org/opportunities-and-risks-for-australian-agriculture-amid-global-volatility/ Rosie forgets to have lunch in the taxi during planting in Crystal Brook, in central northern Australia. Photo: Linden Price CONTINUED inflationary pressures, a weaker global economic outlook and the prospect of a wet winter in many of Australia’s producing regions are causing volatility for the agricultural sector. That’s according to NAB’s May Rural Commodities […]]]>

Rosie forgets to have lunch in the taxi during planting in Crystal Brook, in central northern Australia. Photo: Linden Price

CONTINUED inflationary pressures, a weaker global economic outlook and the prospect of a wet winter in many of Australia’s producing regions are causing volatility for the agricultural sector.

That’s according to NAB’s May Rural Commodities Report, which reports that despite current conditions, the bank’s Rural Commodities Index* is on track for a 2% rise in May, taking it to a new record.

Senior Agribusiness Economist NAB Phin Ziebell said Australian agriculture faces a number of opportunities and risks due to current global conditions.

“La Niña lasts longer than expected and a negative Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) will likely bring above-average rainfall to much of the country this winter, with the notable exception of the Indian Ocean wheat belt. Western Australia and south-west Tasmania,” Mr Zibell said.

“This presents an advantage for Australia’s 2022-23 winter crop, but increases risks to global grain production.”

Mr Ziebell said that while Australian farmers are likely to benefit from these circumstances, global food security risks pose a growing challenge.

“World grain prices continue to soar, driven by a confluence of challenges.

“Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, drought in Germany and France, drought in parts of Africa, ban on Indian wheat exports and very mixed conditions in the Americas have all contributed to drive up prices.

“Stocks are unevenly distributed – about half of global wheat stocks are in China – which limits the ability to tap into supply to meet demand. The world needs grain and Australia will be a key source of it in the coming year.

Table 1: Monthly changes in commodity prices based on data from: NAB Group Economics; ABARES; Meat and Livestock Australia; Australian Pork, Ausmarket Consultants, Australian Bureau of Statistics, Bloomberg and Profarmer. * Data from May to May 24. Source: NAB

Mr Ziebell said rising input prices also present a major challenge to global agricultural profitability, although good seasonal conditions and high commodity prices continue to provide a buffer in Australia.

“Overall, our fertilizer index was up another 12.5% ​​in April, more than double its level from just a year ago,” Ziebell said.

“While Diammonium Phosphate (DAP) and Urea denominated in US Dollars (USD) have declined somewhat in recent weeks, we don’t expect much decline this year.

“The World Bank reports that global fertilizer accessibility is at historically low levels, which were last seen in the 1970s and only exceeded during the period of the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) between 2007 and 2009.

“Oil prices continue to show high volatility as markets weigh on the ongoing Russia-Ukraine crisis and falling investment amid lockdowns in China and signs of slowing global growth.

“But with the Australian dollar (AUD) now lower, fuel prices have rebounded; the national average diesel price was 210c/litre last week.

“Our feed grain price index is now rising quite rapidly, following high world grain prices and the falling AUD.”

The index rose 7.8% in April and another 8.9% in May year-to-date.

With continued inflationary pressures making central banks, including the US Federal Reserve, more hawkish, the USD is on the rise.

“Combined with the ongoing COVID-19 lockdowns in China, this presents higher volatility risks for the AUD.”

“The AUD fell below 70 cents US at the start of the month and we see the currency at around 72 cents US by the end of 2022.”

NOTE: The NAB Rural Commodities Index is based on price and production data for 28 commodities and is weighted by their relative size in the Australian agricultural sector.

Source: BAN

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