Maritime silk road – Gurugama http://gurugama.org/ Mon, 03 Jan 2022 18:14:47 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 http://gurugama.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/favicon-16.png Maritime silk road – Gurugama http://gurugama.org/ 32 32 Air Serbia reaffirms its hub strategy at Belgrade airport http://gurugama.org/air-serbia-reaffirms-its-hub-strategy-at-belgrade-airport/ Mon, 03 Jan 2022 09:03:28 +0000 http://gurugama.org/air-serbia-reaffirms-its-hub-strategy-at-belgrade-airport/ Summary Strong growth in traffic before the pandemic was reported at Belgrade airport. Passenger capacity is approaching 2019 levels, but cargo volume is lagging behind. The impact of LCC was moderate. Political decisions may need to be made regarding the future direction of the country. The ambiguity remains on a proposed new airport. New track […]]]>

Summary

  • Strong growth in traffic before the pandemic was reported at Belgrade airport.
  • Passenger capacity is approaching 2019 levels, but cargo volume is lagging behind.
  • The impact of LCC was moderate.
  • Political decisions may need to be made regarding the future direction of the country.
  • The ambiguity remains on a proposed new airport.

New track ready by the end of 2022

The new 3,500m runway at Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport is expected to be completed by October or November 2022.

The works are part of an 80 million euro expansion project, including the expansion of the terminal and the construction of a new control tower, which is scheduled for completion in 2024 according to the CAPA Airport database. Construction Database.

Work will continue until 2024 and a final figure of over $ 1 billion has been suggested as the airport attempts to position itself as a competitor to airports in Vienna, Prague and Budapest, as well as with a view to all cooperation in the Chinese belt and road. Initiative.

Extensive reconstruction of the area in front of the terminal is underway, including modernization of access roads, construction of parking lots and extension of the terminal for centralized check-in and security procedures.

Check-in will be centralized, with around 100 check-in counters, after which passengers will proceed to the first floor for centralized security checks and then proceed to a large duty-free area.

There have been several CAPA articles in the past on the expansion of Belgrade airport and whether or not it can compete with the larger hubs in the region.

The first took place in March 2015 and was anchored on an announcement from Air Serbia that it intended to develop a hub in Belgrade.

See: Belgrade Airport, with the resurgence of Air Serbia, challenges the order of hubs in Central / Southeastern Europe.

The conclusion was: “In five or six years, the Belgrade airport could certainly be able to challenge the accepted order in its part of the world, but there are still many bridges to be crossed. Much of this future will be closely linked to the development of Air Serbia – and there the signs are positive.

The second took place in March 2019, following the privatization of the airport as part of a concession agreement won by the French VINCI Airports; its first airport in Central and Eastern Europe.

See: Belgrade Airport: VINCI Airports winners, challenges ahead

The conclusion was: “Growth has not been as expected… and the road may be longer and more difficult than expected”.

Air Serbia is once again committed to developing its hub and spoke model

The recent announcements regarding the completion of the airport expansion works come by coincidence as Air Serbia reaffirms (mid-December-2021) that it will continue to develop its hub and spoke model, despite the coronavirus pandemic which strongly impacts the demand for such flights.

Air Serbia General Manager for Trade and Strategy Jiri Marek, speaking no doubt on behalf of many small airlines, recently said: “Covid-19 has completely changed the approach to network planning . You don’t really use long-range planning anymore. You are still doing the three-year and five-year plan but, in a way, it is an exercise that you will continue to change and adapt based on external inputs. “

He added: “The network has always been driven by demand and demand is most affected by the pandemic. It fluctuates in both directions. It’s limited whenever you have new travel restrictions, while you have demand spikes when something opens because people still want to travel. The question is how quickly you can adapt to these changes in demand, especially with the network. What we’ve observed throughout the pandemic is that the reservation window is eight to ten days before departure where you get most reservations. The question is how to do a medium or long term planning in such an environment ”.

The airline has changed its internal practices to adapt to fluctuating demand, by tracking bookings on a daily basis.

“What’s going on with the hub and spoke model is super difficult because you don’t just go point to point,” he says. However, we firmly believe that we will stay with the hub and spoke model because it is one of the ways to combat seasonality. “

The seasonal variation between summer and winter is high in Serbia. What Air Serbia has done is focus on some of the high points like Monday, Friday and Sunday, where operations are almost at the same level as before the pandemic, in order to provide connectivity.

At the same time, it has significantly reduced the weakest days, like Tuesday and Wednesday, which were still weak even before the pandemic, by allocating maintenance work on those days and other matters to ensure that on strong days, all resources are available to deliver the product.

The paradigm has changed – “you see an opportunity and go for it”

Commenting on the introduction of new routes, Mr Marek said: “Market reaction is essential. If you want to open a new destination, you don’t do it three or four months in advance with the planning, the calibration, the different GDP entries and so on. Basically, you see an opportunity and you take it. We proved it during the pandemic. We launched a few new destinations and some of them launched within two weeks. I think this flexible model will stay with us for the next five years, where you will still have to react very quickly to any changes that come. The biggest undiscovered truth of Covid is that change is possible and the speed of change is incredible ”.

In other words, Air Serbia will now operate “instinctively” as one would expect from an LCC, and even where apparent opportunities can be observed when a hub and spoke model applies.

So, given the dichotomy of the conclusions of the two previous reports, how is the airport developing?

Before the coronavirus pandemic, and using 2015 as a starting point, the growth in passenger numbers had been stable but unspectacular; but in 2019, and against many other airports, it was strong at 9.2%.

Traffic growth had been strong and pandemic losses less severe than among its competitors

In addition, the traffic collapse in 2020, at -69%, was not as severe as at other airports (Vienna was -75.3%; Budapest -76.1% and Prague -79, 4%), and these losses were almost recovered in Q1-Q32021. (+ 64%).

2019 passenger capacity levels could be reached in early 2022, but freight volume is lagging

When it comes to seating capacity, 2021 has been a better year, with capacity approaching 2018 – or even 2019 – twice already.

If the current trend continues, 2019 levels should be reached in early 2022.

In view of previous comments on the Belt and Road Initiative and Serbia’s desire to be a part of it, as well as Serbia’s support for Chinese foreign policies and previous Chinese interest in China’s development airports in Eastern Europe, cargo volume must also be taken into account.

China will have to trade with countries like Serbia to maximize the benefits of the Belt and Road Initiative, as its options in the Eastern European region diminish.

This cargo volume has decreased as the number of passengers has decreased (-64.7%), but there is still some way to go until 2019 levels are reached.

At the start of the week of December 20, 2021, the available volume was around 67% of 2019 levels.

Air Serbia is in the lead and has codeshare / alliance agreements with several intercontinental airlines

All flight operations at the airport are currently international and Air Serbia is the largest airline in terms of seating capacity, with 38.3% (and 46% of movements).

After Wizz Air, Lufthansa and Turkish Airlines are the second largest airlines in terms of capacity. Air Serbia has codeshare agreements, allowing intercontinental connections in all directions, as well as its long-standing deal with Etihad, which has reduced its stake in the airline over the past two years. All three, along with Air Serbia, are members of Star Alliance.

This is important because direct flights are mainly limited to Western Europe (54%) and Eastern / Central Europe (38%). There is little capacity to the Middle East (6.2%), virtually none to the Americas, and zero to Asia-Pacific. The new track will help in these latter respects.

The impact of the LCC was moderate, helping to justify Air Serbia’s strategy

Low-cost carriers have made inroads in Belgrade. Their total seating capacity currently stands at 28.8%, but this is considerably less than in Budapest (74.2%), Prague (46.4%) and even Vienna (33.9%), where LCCs were almost discouraged until recently.

Of course, these three places are much higher on the tourism wishlist than Belgrade, with tourism being the main driver of demand for LCC.

On the other hand, it gives some support to Air Serbia’s strategy to maximize Belgrade as a hub airport.

Once again however, 77% of the capacities are not aligned (i.e. not attached to an airline member of the alliance) and only 17% of the capacities are represented by Star Alliance, of which Air Serbia is a partner. , alongside Etihad, Lufthansa and Turkish Airlines. .

The use of the airport measured by the hourly arrival and departure capacity is solid, well distributed over the day and balanced in terms of arrivals and departures in a manner appropriate to hub operations in the face of the “waves” of activity.

The graph below is for Friday December 24, 2021, which is expected to be busier than a normal Friday due to pre-Christmas flights.

Political affiliations will influence decisions from now on in

The evidence points to an airport that was starting to realize its dream of becoming an alternative regional hub for passengers – albeit on a small scale – before the COVID-19 pandemic arrived, and a freight gateway airport both in the ‘within its own borders and beyond, which justifies Air Serbia’s conviction that it can continue to achieve its hub aspirations.

However, while this hub only represents Air Serbia and a handful of other Star Alliance members, and although Serbia’s political future is unclear – whether it throws its hat with China or it continues to pursue the goal of EU membership – agreeing on a hard deal and quick strategy is not easy.

As far as the EU is concerned, Serbia was recognized as a candidate for membership in 2003, but the accession process has been long and arduous. Much still depends on its ability or not to normalize relations with Kosovo.

The ambiguity remains on the proposed new airport

Another complicating factor is the announcement earlier in 2021 that a new Belgrade airport is to be built west of Belgrade, with three runways, as part of a national space plan.

See: https://centreforaviation.com/analysis/reports/new-airport-to-be-built-in-belgrade-the-reasons-mired-in-mystery-557076).

It is not yet clear who would finance and build such an airport, but Chinese companies have bid for the Belgrade airport concession and could still find themselves in competition with VINCI, at least in the cargo segment.

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Pingtan to Invest Over 10 Billion Yuan in Building “International Automotive Science and Technology and Culture Innovation Industrial Park” | Taiwan News http://gurugama.org/pingtan-to-invest-over-10-billion-yuan-in-building-international-automotive-science-and-technology-and-culture-innovation-industrial-park-taiwan-news/ Thu, 30 Dec 2021 15:55:00 +0000 http://gurugama.org/pingtan-to-invest-over-10-billion-yuan-in-building-international-automotive-science-and-technology-and-culture-innovation-industrial-park-taiwan-news/ Pingtan, known as China’s “Maldives”, is home to abundant living, mineral and tourist resources. PINGTAN, CHINA – Media OutReach – December 30, 2021 – Aiming primarily to be international and young, Pingtan International Tourism Island is vigorously developing the economy of cultural tourism with an emphasis on improving core competitiveness in culture, le tourism and […]]]>

Pingtan, known as China’s “Maldives”, is home to abundant living, mineral and tourist resources.

PINGTAN, CHINA – Media OutReach – December 30, 2021 – Aiming primarily to be international and young, Pingtan International Tourism Island is vigorously developing the economy of cultural tourism with an emphasis on improving core competitiveness in culture, le tourism and sports. Pingtan will invest more than 10 billion yuan in the construction of an “international industrial park for innovation in automotive and sports science and technology”. In the park, Pingtan will use its unique advantages by hosting a series of racing events to make Pingtan International Racing Carnival a brand and Pingtan a racing fan’s paradise and a place to enjoy coastal culture and sports tourism. .

Dalian Island northwest of Pingtan has a development model of “Sea Tourism Gallery-Land Tourism Ring-Island Living Experience Area-Island Wellness Resort-Island Business Experience Area”. There are plans to make Dalian Island a “pearl necklace” using the resources of the island – an international tourist resort integrating cultural and natural exploration, ecotourism, medical beauty and health care. , an important step in making Pingtan an international tourist island.

Tourism development, new tourism models, reorganization and modernization of tourism products on Dalian Island will also provide benchmarks and guidance for other island tourism areas. As the tourism resources of Pingtan Island become popular, Dalian Island will easily become a case study of cultural tourism due to its independent space, complete ecology and unique culture in the future. .

Geographically, Pingtan faces the island of Taiwan across the sea, which is the closest place to Taiwan on the Chinese mainland. It has a deep historical relationship and a long history of economic and trade exchanges with Taiwan. The open sea routes on “Cross Straits” and “Lina” at Pingtan Aoqian Ferry Terminal from Pingtan to Taipei and Taichung take 2.5 to 3 hours one way.

In the future, residents from both sides of the Taiwan Strait will travel to Pingtan along the Pingtan Strait Road-Rail Bridge. In Pingtan, they can enjoy the beautiful sea views, beach sports or other interesting competitions on the colorful stone beach. Cultural activities are also available for tourists who wish to explore the wrecks of the Maritime Silk Road, visit the Pingtan Strait Road-Rail Bridge Museum, and enjoy the sea breeze and sunshine.

#Pingtan

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Is India trying to sabotage CPEC? http://gurugama.org/is-india-trying-to-sabotage-cpec/ Wed, 29 Dec 2021 09:57:56 +0000 http://gurugama.org/is-india-trying-to-sabotage-cpec/ The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is of immense geopolitical and geostrategic importance not only for Pakistan but for the entire region. It envisages the development of a transport network, energy pipelines, special economic zones and the port of Gwadar in Pakistan. It is a key part of the China Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) – […]]]>

The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is of immense geopolitical and geostrategic importance not only for Pakistan but for the entire region. It envisages the development of a transport network, energy pipelines, special economic zones and the port of Gwadar in Pakistan. It is a key part of the China Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) – a project that aims to connect Asia with Africa and Europe through the land economic belt of the Silk Road and the 21st Maritime Silk Road of the Century. It aims to boost regional connectivity for economic development and trade. There is no doubt that CPEC has the potential to jumpstart Pakistan’s economic recovery. This is why he is considered to be an economical game changer for Pakistan. CPEC can bring Pakistan into an era of progress and prosperity.

Given the realistic paradigm of power-maximization, the ever-stronger relationship between Pakistan and China is viewed with concern by India. He has sounded the alarm in Indian political and military circles. India’s opposition to CPEC is largely due to alleged apprehensions it entertains. First, the CPEC passes through Gilgit-Baltistan, the so-called disputed territory for India. At the expense of India, CPEC has the potential to solidify the perception of this region as an internationally recognized Pakistani territory, thus lessening India’s claim over it. Second, CPEC has enormous capacity to give Pakistan and China a strategic economic advantage once it materializes and expands to other countries in the region.

Read more: Executing the CPEC: the way forward

How does India view the CPEC project?

In addition, India sees CPEC as part of the renewed String of Pearls strategy which refers to Chinese military and commercial strengthening in the Indian Ocean region (IOR) encircling India. Once CPEC matures, India fears it will lead to massive growth and influence of the Pakistani and Chinese navies in the region. With the potential of the port of Gwadar to become a major Chinese naval outpost, India’s economic and energy security could be at risk in the event of a major conflict. Since the start of the project, India has since attempted to oppose it through direct and indirect means.

What could be more convincing of Indian designs against the CPEC than the arrest of the Indian spy Kulbhushan Jadhav by the Pakistani army for espionage and incitement to terrorism in Balochistan. The admission of the strengthening of separatist movements in Balochistan and Karachi by the former Indian Navy commander arrested at the request of RAW testifies to the proxy war waged to destabilize Pakistan and sabotage the CPEC. Not only that, India has raised a state-sponsored militia of 700 militants under RAW supervision to unleash a wave of terrorism and insurgency in Balochistan, as revealed in a dossier presented by DG ISPR. For this purpose, $ 60 million has been allocated. Likewise, a separate anti-CPEC cell has also been established with an estimated value of $ 500 million under the direct supervision of RAW and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, which aims to disrupt CPEC projects.

India sponsors separatist and terrorist groups in Balochistan by secretly providing them with money, ammunition and explosive devices. The Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA), the Balochistan Liberation Front (BLF), Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) and the Army of the Republic of Balochistan (BRA) are Indian designed tools against the CPEC. BLA’s barbaric attack on PC Gwadar and Quetta Serena Hotel is a demonstration of how far the Indian government can go.

Was India behind the Dasu Bus attacks?

Likewise, during the recent wave of terrorist incidents, the safety of Chinese workers working on various CPEC-related projects has been compromised. Dasu Bus Attack is worth mentioning here, which killed 9 Chinese engineers working on the Dasu hydropower plant in KPK. Such attacks are an attempt to disrupt the functioning of the CPEC and sabotage Sino-Pakistani relations in what appears to be a full-fledged proxy war against Pakistan. The subversive activities against Pakistan were exposed by the startling revelations of EU DisinfoLab. He revealed a massive India-sponsored disinformation campaign against Pakistan.

India has also colluded with the United States to counter CPEC. The Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Understanding (LEMOA) is the first in a series of covenants signed between India and the United States in this regard. Signed in 2016, the pact strengthens navy-to-navy cooperation between the United States and India by allowing the refueling and resupply of military ships at each other’s bases and ports. The agreement provides operational flexibility for the two navies to conduct supported operations.

Read more: China rejects India’s baseless CPEC claims at the UN

Likewise, the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA) signed in 2018 makes it possible to provide encrypted communication systems to India by the United States in order to improve interoperability between the armies of the two countries. Finally, the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA) signed in 2020 will give India access to advanced US geospatial information to improve the accuracy of automated systems and the firing of weapons like drones and missiles. through sharing of satellite images. This will allow India to keep an eye on CPEC and Pakistan’s port facilities. The United States’ strategic embrace towards India is obviously aimed at countering China’s growing role in the region. India will continue to sabotage the CPEC politically, economically and diplomatically

India is also expected to increase its aid to separatist groups in Balochistan to foment further unrest in the province. India’s growing hostility to CPEC is part of the larger Indian plan to contain the rise of China and view Pakistan as a weaker state. Pakistan must prepare to maneuver in the region’s rapidly changing geopolitical landscape by properly playing its cards to fully reap the dividends of CPEC.

Mominyar Khalid Butt is a Research Officer at the Center of Maritime Excellence (MCE), Pakistan Navy War College Lahore. He did a master’s degree in political science. He can be contacted at mominyar10@hotmail.com. The opinions expressed by the authors do not necessarily represent the editorial policy of Global Village Space

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China supplies one-third of coronavirus vaccines in the world http://gurugama.org/china-supplies-one-third-of-coronavirus-vaccines-in-the-world/ Mon, 27 Dec 2021 12:03:08 +0000 http://gurugama.org/china-supplies-one-third-of-coronavirus-vaccines-in-the-world/ China says it has so far provided nearly two billion doses of COVID-19 vaccine to more than 120 countries and international organizations. That figure, according to Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, represented one-third of all vaccines administered globally, excluding China. Addressing a virtual meeting of the Belt and Road Forum Advisory Board for International Cooperation […]]]>

China says it has so far provided nearly two billion doses of COVID-19 vaccine to more than 120 countries and international organizations.

That figure, according to Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, represented one-third of all vaccines administered globally, excluding China.

Addressing a virtual meeting of the Belt and Road Forum Advisory Board for International Cooperation 2021, Yi said Chinese companies have worked with 19 developing country partners on joint vaccine production and developed an initial annual capacity of over one billion doses.

Earlier this year, China and 31 cooperation partners jointly launched the Belt and Road Partnership Initiative on COVID-19 vaccine cooperation.

The Initiative calls for closer cooperation in vaccine exports, assistance, joint production, technology transfer and other areas, in order to keep the pandemic at bay.

Yi said China will meet its commitments to deliver one billion more doses of COVID vaccines to Africa and 150 million more doses to ASEAN countries.

“With concrete practices on the ground, China’s promise to make vaccines a public good is becoming a reality,” he said.

“We will deepen cooperation with other developing countries on the joint production of vaccines for an early victory over COVID-19 and help bring life back to normal in countries at an early date. “

China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI, launched in 2013, is a coordinated plan to develop two new trade routes connecting China to the rest of the world.

The Initiative aims to connect Asia with Africa and Europe via land and sea networks with the aim of improving regional integration, increasing trade and stimulating economic growth.

The name was coined in 2013 by Chinese President Xi Jinping, who was inspired by the concept of the Silk Road established during the Han Dynasty 2,000 years ago – an ancient network of trade routes that connected China to the Mediterranean via Eurasia for centuries.

Mr. Yi said the BIS has become the world’s largest platform for international cooperation.

He said that in the first 10 months of this year, China’s investment in its cooperation partners increased by 14.6% and its trade by 23%.

“China has established e-commerce cooperation mechanisms with 22 countries, and its cross-border e-commerce trade in the first half of this year has grown by more than 20% year-on-year, expanding the prospects for cooperation on Silk. Road e-commerce, ”he said.

Mr Yi said last year’s experience has shown that the BRI’s cooperation has not been compromised by the COVID-19 pandemic, despite the major changes that have caused disease to economies.

However, he said there was a need to improve bilateral, trilateral and multilateral cooperation mechanisms to make the BRI global partnership network more solid, substantial and productive.

“Following the principles of openness, inclusion and transparency, China invites more countries and institutions to join tripartite or multi-party cooperation under the BRI,” Yi said.

He assured that China will continue to focus on economic growth, job creation, protection of livelihoods and poverty reduction, and deepen practical cooperation with partner countries in economic, trade, health, poverty reduction, education and agriculture.

“We will develop more cooperation projects that improve people’s lives, to bring more real gains to people in partner countries,” Yi said.

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Russia hands world’s largest and most powerful nuclear-powered icebreaker to State Atomic Energy Corporation http://gurugama.org/russia-hands-worlds-largest-and-most-powerful-nuclear-powered-icebreaker-to-state-atomic-energy-corporation/ Fri, 24 Dec 2021 15:19:28 +0000 http://gurugama.org/russia-hands-worlds-largest-and-most-powerful-nuclear-powered-icebreaker-to-state-atomic-energy-corporation/ On Friday, Russia’s first nuclear-powered icebreaker of Project 22220, known as Sibir, was handed over to the state atomic energy company Rosatom for operation. “On December 24, the signing ceremony of the law on the delivery and acceptance of the first serial universal nuclear-powered icebreaker of project 22220 Sibir was held at the Baltic Shipyard, […]]]>

On Friday, Russia’s first nuclear-powered icebreaker of Project 22220, known as Sibir, was handed over to the state atomic energy company Rosatom for operation.

“On December 24, the signing ceremony of the law on the delivery and acceptance of the first serial universal nuclear-powered icebreaker of project 22220 Sibir was held at the Baltic Shipyard, St. Petersburg,” the company said in a statement.

Once the necessary documents have been completed and the preparations for the winter-spring navigation are completed, the icebreaker will leave St. Petersburg for the port of Murmansk, according to the statement.

The vessel’s keel was laid on May 26, 2015 and the icebreaker was floated on September 22, 2017.

The Ural, Yakutia and Chukotka nuclear-powered universal icebreakers are also under construction at the Baltic Shipyard, all named after Russian regions.

Project 22220 nuclear icebreakers are the most powerful and largest in the world to date. The ships secure Russia’s leadership position in the Arctic. The icebreaker is 173.3 meters (568.6 feet) long and 34 meters wide with a displacement of 33,500 tons.

Russian nuclear powered icebreaker – Wikipedia

Can Russia’s Arctic game plan surpass that of the United States in the Indo-Pacific?

As global headlines continue to focus on Russia’s “aggressive attitudes” against Ukraine, Moscow seems to be slowly and steadily playing its geopolitical game in the Arctic, stressing the importance of accessibility to China’s ports. the Arctic and further developing the shipping lanes of the North Sea. Route (NSR), connecting the Pacific and the Atlantic.

With China’s active support in this game, Russia is now courting Japan and South Korea, with the obvious aim of weakening US plans to build the Indo-Pacific.

Luckily, the Russian game plan was given new impetus with the recent week-long Suez Canal traffic jam that began on March 23, when the very large Golden Ever Given class container ship (weighing 250,000 tonnes ), en route from Malaysia to the Netherlands, ran aground across the tracks, resulting in massive ship accommodation along the two embankments of the waterway.

It is said that the blockage costs the global economy an estimated $ 9.6 billion every day. In addition, as the Suez Canal serves as the main transportation route for oil shipped from the Middle East to the European Union and the United States, the blockade of tankers temporarily raised global oil prices and created uncertainty. among investors.

The northern sea route

Russia defines the Northern Sea Route as a shipping route from the Kara Sea to the Pacific Ocean, specifically along the Russian arctic coast of the Kara Gates Strait between the Barents Sea and the Kara Sea, along the Siberia, to the Bering Strait.

The Northern Sea Route has a number of crossings and alternative routes between Novaya Zemlya and the Bering Strait.

The NSR is expected to bring enormous strategic and commercial advantages to Russia. For example, compared to the Suez Canal route, estimated navigation via the NSR will reduce the distance between Shanghai and Rotterdam (Europe’s largest commercial port in the Netherlands) by almost 2,800 nautical miles or 22 %. This route is also likely to reduce transportation costs by 30 to 40 percent.

Likewise, while a container ship from Tokyo to Hamburg (Germany’s main port city) sails for around 48 days via the Suez Canal, it can travel the same distance of around 35 days via the NSR.

Russian analysts say that while about 12% of world maritime trade passes through the Suez Canal and although this proportion cannot be ignored, the route should not be made essential; the world cannot be too dependent on Suez and must have alternative paths.

Of course, there is an alternative Israel-UAE canal plan to connect the Israeli port of Eilat on the Red Sea to the Mediterranean, but it will prove to be very expensive. According to experts, digging canals along about 250 kilometers (155 miles) at the eastern end of the Sinai Peninsula cutting hills several hundred meters high will require an investment of more than $ 100 billion.

On the other hand, the Suez Canal is 193 km long. In fact, Egypt, which owns the Suez Canal, can build a new canal parallel to the Suez Canal or expand the existing one at a third of the cost of the Israeli-Emirati project.

Citing the above factor, Russian analysts like Alexei Zubets, director of the Institute for Socio-Economic Research of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, argue that although the Suez Canal was up to now the most reliable transportation artery in the world, its reputation is shaken, giving opportunities to the NSR.

Climate change challenges

In recent times, Moscow has also been minimizing uncertainties related to the seasonal state of the north polar ice sheet and the Arctic transit capabilities of shippers. He says global climate change has gradually boosted the competitiveness of the NSR.

According to a Russian study, the year 2020 broke a new temperature record, and the Arctic ice sheet has shrunk five to seven times compared to the 1980s. As a result, the area of ​​ice cover in the ocean Arctic would have shrunk to an all-time high of 26,000 square kilometers last year.

Russian Arktika Yamal Class Nuclear Icebreaker Leads Way for Ship (4000x2650): r / WarshipPorn
Russia’s Arktika Yamal-class nuclear icebreaker clears way for ship

This, in turn, made the NSR increasingly seaworthy, with less need for icebreakers, of which Russia, incidentally, has the largest fleet in the world. Regardless, almost all of today’s merchant ships are well-equipped with icebreaker capabilities, allowing them to make their own voyages on the Northern Sea Route, the Russians claim.

They highlight how a Russian ship carrying LNG from Yamal, one of Russia’s largest natural gas fields on its north coast, to China, made its return trip between January 27 and February 19 of the last year, in the middle of winter and without the need for icebreaker assistance.

They also say that despite the hesitation of Western shipping companies, the world’s largest container shipping company, the Danish company Maersk, started using this route three years ago.

China’s interest in The northern sea route

Likewise, China, one of the first countries to try this route for commercial purposes, has been sending an increasing number of ships to Europe via the Northern Sea Route since 2013. Japan and South Korea, two of the region’s main industrial countries, have also started using the northern route.

In short, the Russians maintain that the NSR is no longer an obstacle for maritime transport and that it has become more and more attractive. They are convinced that according to President Putin’s plan, announced in 2018, the average annual volume of freight transported via the Northern Sea Route will be 80 million tonnes by 2024 and could reach full capacity by around 2030. .

Obviously, as is the case with Egypt due to its Suez Canal, Russia will gain the most once the NSR is fully functional throughout the year, and not just during the months of ‘been as is mainly the case at the moment. It will attract foreign investment to the Arctic region which is said to contain 13 percent of the world’s untapped oil, 30 percent natural gas and 20 percent liquid gas, not to mention other minerals and rich bioresources.

With Russia’s growing ties to China, it’s no surprise that Beijing has shown great interest not only in the development of the Arctic region, but also in the NSR. With the incorporation of the Polar Silk Road into the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) network, China is rapidly becoming the main non-Arctic player in the region.

Contributing to the development of commercial navigation in the North, China aims to diversify its trade routes and to connect with the Arctic countries by a network of maritime corridors through the NSR. This will bring it closer to European and American markets and decrease its vulnerabilities in the Indian Ocean and make the Strait of Malacca all the less vital.

Will the Indo-Pacific lose its relevance?

In other words, a fully functioning NSR can shift the strategic balance between the Indian and Arctic Oceans, making the availability of oil and gas cheaper for major consumers in Europe and East Asia ( China, Japan and South Korea). Once that happens, the Indian Ocean, or for that matter the Indo-Pacific, may have reduced global relevance.

However, the above scenario is still in the realm of possibility due to three questions for which there are no easy answers:

First, the NSR will be economically attractive provided that there is good local infrastructure, for the development of which Russia does not have sufficient funds of tens of billions of dollars (according to conservative estimates). Will China help Russia in this area, without attaching any conditions?

Second, won’t the extension of US sanctions against Russia make the Bering Strait, which physically separates Russia from the United States, a dangerous bottleneck and thus minimize the trade competitiveness of the United States? the NSR?

Third, is it safe to make the NSR a major transportation artery in a region of ecological tragedies due to melting permafrost in the Far North?

  • Veteran author and journalist Prakash Nanda is Chairman of the EurAsian Times Editorial Board and has commented on politics, foreign policy and strategic affairs for nearly three decades. A former National Fellow of the Indian Council for Historical Research and recipient of the Seoul Peace Prize Fellowship, he is also a Distinguished Fellow of the Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies. CONTACT: [email protected]
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  • Originally posted here
  • With contributions from the Sputnik press agency

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Ferrovial SA: How are gifts delivered around the world? http://gurugama.org/ferrovial-sa-how-are-gifts-delivered-around-the-world/ Thu, 23 Dec 2021 16:27:06 +0000 http://gurugama.org/ferrovial-sa-how-are-gifts-delivered-around-the-world/ Christmas is an important time in many cultures. These different societies tend to share their different components, such as the widespread practice of gifts from Santa Claus, also called Ded Moroz, Father Christmas and Saint Nicholas, depending on the region. Corn How are so many objects from the “North Pole” sent to homes around the […]]]>

Christmas is an important time in many cultures. These different societies tend to share their different components, such as the widespread practice of gifts from Santa Claus, also called Ded Moroz, Father Christmas and Saint Nicholas, depending on the region. Corn How are so many objects from the “North Pole” sent to homes around the world? Which route do the toys take?

In this historic period of bottlenecks in transport and logistics, we analyze how all that is acquired reaches the cities, as well as from which regions of the world they come and by which routes. If you thought the Three Kings were doing magic, wait until you see the highly digitalized supply chain or city logistics moving goods from point A to point B.

Where do the toys come from?

Although the magical beings obviously place the toys under the Christmas tree, near the fireplace, on the patio, at the front door or in another designated place around the house, objects must be made somewhere. A century ago, those places were Europe and North America, where millions of toys were made every year.

Well-known brands like Lego, Fisher-Price, Playmobil, Nenuco, Famosa, and Hasbro, to name a few, all had their factories in countries like the United States, Spain, and Germany. Soon, however, others like Bandai (Japanese) and Vtech (China) made the leap to the West, and the West began to make the leap to Asia with their outsourcing. Currently, most of the toys are made in China, India, Cambodia and Bangladesh.

These factories all over the world started their activity using “Western” designs (mainly from Central Europe and America) as a benchmark, but in recent decades, they innovated in their own way, as shown by fairs like “Shenzhen International Toy and Education Fair” (中国 玩 真 展). Their toy industry is very developed.

Maritime transit and the new Silk Road


Bukit Merah Port, Singapore

Transport of objects by sea in large container ships is arguably the most affordable option if there is no rail infrastructure in place. This is according to a report by the European Chemical Transport Association on CO2 in the transport of raw materials (which focuses on the chemical industry but applies to any material). An airplane, meanwhile, releases between 600 and 800 kg of CO2/ T km, whereas this figure for a container ship is generally less than 20 kg CO2 / T km. This significant difference is reflected in the costs.

Electrified railways have a considerably lower impact and greater efficiency. Thus, the French ADEME holds the record with 1.8 kg CO2 / T · km due to its mainly nuclear electrification. Without this source, railway electrification is generally less than 15 kg CO2 / T · km. It’s no wonder that China is building a new Silk Road.

Its railway projects from Yiwu and Shanghai to Madrid, On the other side of the world. This map shows the routes most of the world’s toys take, a journey of around 16 days that crosses much of Eurasia. China sends container ships to reach the Americas. However, he is already working on a railway line through the Bering Strait, which would have a lower environmental impact than the sea route.


The New Silk Road in its rail and maritime deployment.

There was a particular relocation trend European and North American factories of recent years and sectors like textile manufacturing, print-on-demand and some toy companies are making a comeback. Yet they are only doing so at a steady pace. For now, Santa Claus and his assistants will travel by boat or train from China, and they will continue to do so for decades to come. The reindeer of the mages will continue to move in water skates.

How do gifts get to our cities?

Since most toys and other gifts reach the coasts of their respective countries by boat (countries that have a coast, of course), there are two ways to transport them inland. The more sustainable countries do this by means of railways and large convoys, and those less sustainable do it by highways or roads on trucks of different sizes. This is the case up to distribution centers, a typical starting point for mainly medium-sized trucks.

The route from distribution centers to small urban or peri-urban warehouses is one of the critical points in the supply chain. Indeed, if the analogous step at the start of the chain involves concentration in the same place, it is now necessary to pay attention to which product goes into which warehouse. At this point, logistics are essential to avoid errors and save costs.


Parisian delivery bikes, a city where the last mile is green

With more and more home delivery, the last mile is by far the most complex point in the entire supply chain. It requires having a fleet of “small” vehicles (originally vans, but increasingly cargo bikes, as is the case in Paris) with high urban permeability, and it is a question of coordinating deliveries with the inhabitants.

Fun fact: it has been shown that the shipping method Ordering online with delivery to a pick-up point has the lowest environmental impact, compared to buying online and delivering to your door or buying from a nearby store. This optimizes factors such as distance traveled by the product and availability.

The gift, a Christmas bottleneck for urban logistics

Last mile delivery companies realize a good part of their turnover on these dates. Now that purchasing via e-commerce has established itself as the default mode of purchase, the majority of Christmas gifts must follow the most complex route possible: from the manufacturer to our house. Considering the total volume, services tend to collapse on dates like Christmas.

Since the number of products processed at Christmas is a record high, it doesn’t make much sense to design the entire logistics network for this peak. Instead, it’s designed for a significantly lower charge level. But as, hum, Santa’s customers, we hope to receive our gifts on time. So begins a race against the logistics clock not only to deliver the packages but also so that the various points in the chain do not get stuck in a traffic jam.

Not being able to distribute gifts in a neighborhood due to a snowstorm means that the warehouses are filled to the point of collapsing and gifts that already arrive at the back of the marine “sleds” will not have any impact. place to unload. Weaving this complex web of a framework is a real challenge.

This year will be marked by the “container crisis”, an event caused by multiple roots which manifests itself in a global saturation of transport networks. It’s time to get creative. It should be remembered that some Chinese manufacturers, the toy store of the world, had the good idea to favor small soft toys to ensure a certain level of sales. Santa Claus reinvents himself to give all the gifts for one more year.

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Facing the future of Sino-Cambodia relations http://gurugama.org/facing-the-future-of-sino-cambodia-relations/ Tue, 21 Dec 2021 04:28:00 +0000 http://gurugama.org/facing-the-future-of-sino-cambodia-relations/ Survey examining Cambodian youth’s perceptions of China released in Beijing BEIJING, December 21, 2021 / PRNewswire / – The First Cambodia-China Cultural Exchange Forum and the Launch Ceremony of the Cultural Exchange Network of Cambodia and China took place at Beijing to December 16. As a key element of the event, Facing the Future of […]]]>

Survey examining Cambodian youth’s perceptions of China released in Beijing

BEIJING, December 21, 2021 / PRNewswire / – The First Cambodia-China Cultural Exchange Forum and the Launch Ceremony of the Cultural Exchange Network of Cambodia and China took place at Beijing to December 16. As a key element of the event, Facing the Future of Sino-Cambodia Relations – A Survey Report on the Perceptions of Young Cambodians of China, sponsored by China Huaneng Group and compiled by colleges and universities in both countries, was released on the same day.

The study was conducted by the Center for Cambodian Studies (CCS) of the Peking University of Foreign Studies and the Cambodia 21st Century Maritime Silk Road Research Center (CCMSRRC) at the Royal University of Phnom Penh. The report is the result of a survey of members of from Cambodia generation Z in which questions about their perception of China were invited.

According to United Nations data in 2020, the world population of Generation Z (born between 1995 and 2010) reached 2.4 billion in 2019, or 32% of the global total, making it the largest on the planet. Respondents to the survey mainly included undergraduates and postgraduates from the Royal University of Phnom Penh and the Royal University of Law and Economics, senior scholars from the Royal Academy of Cambodia and independent think tanks, as well as some members of Generation Z active on social media.

The survey focused on respondents’ thoughts on the economy, politics, culture, society and the environment. According to the report, in terms of questions regarding the economy, a large majority of respondents believe that Chinese companies have played an important role in from Cambodia economic development and that the Four Corners strategy must be aligned with the Belt and Road initiative. Politically, most of those interviewed are optimistic about the development of relations between the two nations. Culturally, both Chinese language and Chinese culture are great attractions for Cambodian youth. When it comes to social cognition, most respondents receive positive messages about China and it is widely believed that China has made the greatest strides in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic.

On the same day, Chinese experts involved in preparing the report said the investigation results basically met expectations. As a next step, they plan to undertake further research studying the issue from an empirical evidence-based perspective.

At the forum, China Huaneng Group said the company will continue to promote cultural exchanges as well as mutual knowledge and understanding between Chinese and Cambodian youth, in order to facilitate meaningful and dynamic communications between the peoples of the two countries.

Copyright © acrofan All rights reserved

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The 24th Winter Trade Fair Held In Hainan, China Bringing Together 2,000 High Quality Enterprises At Home And Abroad http://gurugama.org/the-24th-winter-trade-fair-held-in-hainan-china-bringing-together-2000-high-quality-enterprises-at-home-and-abroad/ Mon, 20 Dec 2021 01:09:17 +0000 http://gurugama.org/the-24th-winter-trade-fair-held-in-hainan-china-bringing-together-2000-high-quality-enterprises-at-home-and-abroad/ HAIKOU, China, 20 December 2021 / PRNewswire / – Enabled December 16, 2021 China (Hainan) The International Winter Tropical Agricultural Fair was held in Haikou, Hainan, attracting nearly 2,000 companies such as Fortune 500 companies and major international agricultural companies. On that day, the total amount of on-site order transactions was 55.05942 billion yuan, according […]]]>

HAIKOU, China, 20 December 2021 / PRNewswire / – Enabled December 16, 2021 China (Hainan) The International Winter Tropical Agricultural Fair was held in Haikou, Hainan, attracting nearly 2,000 companies such as Fortune 500 companies and major international agricultural companies. On that day, the total amount of on-site order transactions was 55.05942 billion yuan, according to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of Hainan.

As the only exhibition on tropical agriculture in China, the Winter Fair has been successfully held for 23 consecutive sessions, serving as an important platform for agricultural exchanges and cooperation between the countries of the “Belt and Road” and the “Maritime Silk Road” . The exhibition had established a well-known brand agricultural products hall, a rural revitalization agricultural products hall, an international agricultural products hall, etc., with a total area of ​​about 100,000 square meters. Among them, more than 50 Chinese agents from nearly 15 countries and regions participated in the international agricultural products exhibition hall. The exhibits included fruits and vegetables, grains and oil, red wine, tea, coffee, cross-border e-commerce products, leisure agricultural products, etc.

“I am attending the Fair for the first time. It is a friendly and excellent platform for our foreign small and medium enterprises to negotiate and cooperate with Chinese enterprises!” Popovich, a cheese supplier from Serbia, recommended “Dr. Pearl Milk” cheese to buyers, “Our cheese is fresh and delicious. It is very suitable for making cheesecakes, ice cream and milk tea. ! “

The exhibition established for the first time a modern seed industry and digital agriculture exhibition area, with an exhibition area of ​​6500 square meters to show the development achievements of the industry. seed and digital agriculture in Hainan. At the same time, the fair also created an innovative “online winter trade fair” to provide exhibitors and buyers with services such as “online exhibition, online trading, online shopping and marketing. online signature ”.

The 2021 Winter Trade Fair was co-organized by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the China Council for the Promotion of International Trade, the China Federation of Supply and Marketing Cooperatives and the People’s Government of Hainan Province. The fair was organized by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of Hainan Province and the popular government of Haikou city, which will last until December 19.

Image Attachment Links:

Link: http://asianetnews.net/view-attachment?attach-id=411321
Caption: Visitors looked around China 2021 (Hainan) International Exhibition of Tropical Winter Agricultural Products on December 16.

SOURCE Hainan Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs

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15 English words that come from Arabic: from sugar to serendipity http://gurugama.org/15-english-words-that-come-from-arabic-from-sugar-to-serendipity/ Sat, 18 Dec 2021 11:49:39 +0000 http://gurugama.org/15-english-words-that-come-from-arabic-from-sugar-to-serendipity/ Over the centuries, dozens of Arabic words have entered the English language, across science, philosophy, mathematics, food, fabrics, commerce, and travel. Most were introduced by domestic and maritime trade along the Silk Road, while others came from Islamic conquests in southern Europe. Not all of these words are of Arab origin – some came from […]]]>

Over the centuries, dozens of Arabic words have entered the English language, across science, philosophy, mathematics, food, fabrics, commerce, and travel.

Most were introduced by domestic and maritime trade along the Silk Road, while others came from Islamic conquests in southern Europe. Not all of these words are of Arab origin – some came from India, Persia, and ancient Greece – but Arab merchants helped import them to the West.

Finally, the discovery of medieval Islamic scientists and astronomers during the Renaissance brought new words and concepts to Europe.

For the UN Arabic Language Day, we have selected our 15 most surprising words of Arabic origin.

Admiral: amir

The word for this high ranking naval commander evolved from amir, the Arabic word for a prince or ruler. The word was first documented on the island of Sicily in the 11th century, where the Arabs had ruled for 300 years.

Alchemy: al kimiya الكيمياء

The ancient branch of philosophy known as alchemy involved the study of substances and materials. Medieval alchemists believed that certain liquids could be turned into gold, or into a potion that would make the drinker immortal. The original Arabic word comes from the Greek term “khemeia, although some scholars trace its roots back to ancient Egypt as well.

Cotton: qutun قطن

Although cotton was known to the ancient Romans, the word and the fabric were imported by Arab merchants to Europe during the late Middle Ages.

Elixir: al-iksir الإكسير

Today, an elixir is a liquid remedy with healing powers. In Arabic, it originally referred to a dry powder to treat wounds. It was later adopted by alchemists who called an elixir of elusive mineral powder that would turn metals into gold.

Sweater: jubba جبّة

The Arabic word for overcoat originally entered European languages ​​as “juppa“, precious silk clothing, in southern Italy in the 11th century.

Macrame: miqrama مقرمة

This type of knotted textile used in crafts and haute couture comes from the hand-woven fabrics of Arab weavers. In Arabic, miqrama refers to an embroidered tapestry or bedspread.

Mohair: al-mokhayyar المخيّر

In Arabic, al-mokhayyar was a high quality fabric made from fine goat hair. Various forms have been imported to the West for centuries, the most famous being the wool of Turkish Angora goats.

Monsoon: mawsim موسم

The first Arab sea merchants of the Indian Ocean used the word “mawsim” or “seasons” to denote the seasonal navigation winds. The word was later adopted by Portuguese, Dutch and English sailors as they sailed in extreme weather conditions off the coasts of India, Southeast Asia and China.

Chiffon: muslim موصلي

Muslin, a cotton-based fabric, is said to have taken its name from the traders in the city of Mosul, or the Muslims, who imported it from South Asia to Europe.

Nadir: nazir

In English, a nadir refers to the worst time, or the point at which something has the least value. But in Arabic the word means a counterpart and was used in medieval Islamic astronomy to refer to the diametrically opposed points of a celestial sphere.

Orange: naranj ارنج

Although the fruit and the word come from India, the Arabs introduced oranges to the Mediterranean region. For many countries in southern Europe today, they are considered a staple fruit.

Serendipity: serendib ??

The ancient fairytale place of Serendib, which appears in Thousand and one Night and other ancient oral traditions, was also the ancient Arabic name for the island of Sri Lanka. The English word serendipity, meaning a happy discovery, was coined by the English author Horace Walpole in 1754.

Safari: safar سفر

The English adopted the Swahili word for travel – safari – in the 19th century for their hunting expeditions in East Africa. Although a safari today involves an organized trip to spot wild animals, its origins are from the Arabic “safar”, or journey, a reminder of the crucial presence of Arab sea merchants on the East African coast.

Sugar: sukkar سكّر

Another word to have traveled the Silk Road is sugar, which was originally produced in India. In the 6th century, the cultivation of sugar cane reached Persia and was introduced into the Mediterranean by the Arabs, who produced it abundantly.

Price: ta’riff

A rate in medieval Arabic means notification. It was introduced into Western languages ​​around the 14th century by trade on the Mediterranean Sea, where it referred to the bill of lading on a merchant ship, or the condition of products and selling prices.

Updated: December 18, 2021, 12:59 PM

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Port of Duisburg plans to supply new container terminal with hydrogen http://gurugama.org/port-of-duisburg-plans-to-supply-new-container-terminal-with-hydrogen/ Thu, 16 Dec 2021 21:43:00 +0000 http://gurugama.org/port-of-duisburg-plans-to-supply-new-container-terminal-with-hydrogen/ Duisport copyright view Posted on December 16, 2021 at 4:43 PM by The maritime executive The Port of Duisburg is partnering with Rolls-Royce’s Power Systems division to build a hydrogen fuel cell system to deliver electricity at peak loads, as well as a combined heat and power station. electricity to hydrogen. The port is working […]]]>

Duisport copyright view

Posted on December 16, 2021 at 4:43 PM by

The maritime executive

The Port of Duisburg is partnering with Rolls-Royce’s Power Systems division to build a hydrogen fuel cell system to deliver electricity at peak loads, as well as a combined heat and power station. electricity to hydrogen. The port is working with its partners to build a hydrogen supply network, including energy conversion and storage systems, over the next two years.

Duisburg is already the largest inland port in Europe and is in the process of transforming a coal transshipment terminal into a new inland container terminal. This climate-friendly transformation will integrate the energy provided by fuel cells and hydrogen engines.

The Rolls Royce mtu fuel cell system will provide electricity to increase available grid capacity at peak load times – for example, when there are a lot of cold ironing ships docked.

In addition, a set of two hydrogen-powered internal combustion engine generator sets – adapted from mtu’s 4000 series natural gas power plants – will strengthen the power grid of the container terminal. The residual heat from the exhaust gases from the generators will be used for industrial heat or for heating the buildings around the port complex. The operator also plans to integrate solar panels and battery storage systems into the terminal’s network.

Courtesy Rolls-Royce Power Systems

The project is supported by the local government of Duisberg, researchers from the Fraunhofer Institute Umsicht, regional public service networks and the German Federal Government. It will benefit from continued financial support from the Ministry of the Economy and Energy for four years.

The terminal itself is being developed in partnership with Cosco Shipping Logistics, the Swiss intermodal transport company Hupac SA and the inland barge line HTS Group. One of its main functions will be to provide intermodal transfers for rail trade from China. Duisburg is the European terminus for 30% of New Silk Road rail traffic, connecting the EU with cities in central and eastern China, and the new terminal could increase the number of unit trains transporting containers that it manages at 100 trains per week.

In an ambitious effort to reduce its total carbon footprint, the port plans to manage 40% of its container traffic by inland barge and 40% by rail, reducing the share of less efficient truck dumming to just 20%. It can also add hydrogen shunting locomotives for its marshalling yard.

“Hydrogen technology is no longer a dream for the future, but hydrogen technology will prove itself in everyday use in Duisburg. The parallel use of fuel cell and hydrogen engine solutions shows that we are on the right track with our open technology approach to developing new solutions for the energy supply of the future ”, said Andreas Schell, CEO of Rolls-Royce Power Systems.

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