Maritime silk road – Gurugama http://gurugama.org/ Mon, 20 Jun 2022 09:46:00 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 http://gurugama.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/favicon-16.png Maritime silk road – Gurugama http://gurugama.org/ 32 32 BRI Boosts Ecotourism Development in Asean Region http://gurugama.org/bri-boosts-ecotourism-development-in-asean-region/ Mon, 20 Jun 2022 09:46:00 +0000 http://gurugama.org/bri-boosts-ecotourism-development-in-asean-region/ OVER the past two decades, the number of travelers visiting Southeast Asia has increased by 10% per year on average. This number has increased from 40 million in 2001 to 143.6 million in 2019. The rapid growth of the tourism sector has made a substantial contribution to the economies of the region. In 2019, tourism […]]]>

OVER the past two decades, the number of travelers visiting Southeast Asia has increased by 10% per year on average.

This number has increased from 40 million in 2001 to 143.6 million in 2019. The rapid growth of the tourism sector has made a substantial contribution to the economies of the region.

In 2019, tourism revenue for ASEAN countries amounted to $392 billion, up about $180 billion from 2011.

However, as every coin has two sides, the development of tourism also has its drawbacks. With the influx of funds come threats such as increased pollution, environmental degradation and cultural change.

The impressions of investors, tourism companies and tourists can be found everywhere on the beautiful beaches, unexplored forests and windy mountain passes of Southeast Asian countries. From the beaches to the foothills and on the mountains, resorts and inns are springing up, causing problems such as deforestation and littering.

With the favorable increase in visitor arrivals, regional officials underscored their commitment to inject revenue into promoting ecotourism – one of the key aspects of the ASEAN Tourism Marketing Strategy 2017-2020.

Ecotourism is described by the International Ecotourism Society as “responsible travel to natural areas that protects the environment, supports native well-being, and encompasses education and interpretation.”

This type of travel is possible thanks to a worldwide network of individuals, organizations and the tourism sector, where travelers and tourism professionals are made aware of environmental concerns.

After renowned tourist spots like Phuket (Thailand), Langkawi (Malaysia), Bali (Indonesia) and Boracay (Philippines) were hit by pollution and overcrowding, causing damage to their once pristine environment, tourism authorities in Ministers met at the 22nd Asean Tourism Ministers met at the Asean Tourism Forum (AFT) and decided to come up with measures to tackle issues such as over-tourism.

China’s “Vision and Action” on the Joint Construction of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road was announced in 2015. It is a strategy document program that sets the roadmap for the development of the Belt and Road Initiative and recommends ways to boost tourism. collaborations.

For the ecotourism sector, it improves internal regional coordination and encourages the growth of local ecotourism. In addition, it is accelerating the pace of overseas tourism cooperation, accelerating the opening up of tourism, and attracting international travelers to ASEAN destinations. Therefore, it can contribute to the growth of the ecotourism sector along the route.

The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has the potential to have a multi-faceted impact on the Asean ecotourism economy along the canal.

First and foremost are the political incentives. Asean countries on the road will opt for BRI to increase ecotourism investment in the region and encourage tourism supply, which is expected to have a substantial effect on enriching ecotourism products and optimizing the facility. industrial.

The second objective is to improve transport. Aspects such as transport infrastructure have an impact on the agglomeration and spread of the local ecotourism economy, and it is also one of the most important issues in the transformation and advancement of the tourism sector. ecotourism, as well as improving quality and pace.

The deployment of BRI has improved transport infrastructure in ASEAN countries along the route, which has resulted in a greater geographical impact of ecotourism specialization.

The third step is to encourage the flow of components of ecotourism production. The BRI can strengthen ecotourism collaboration in the region where the policy is implemented, encourage the use and flow of economic aspects, improve the efficiency of the ecotourism sector, improve the efficiency of use of means of ecotourism and synchronize the development of provincial tourism.

At the same time, the BRI strategy will encourage foreign travelers to visit Asean in various ways, potentially stimulating the development of ecotourism in areas along the route.

The first aspect is policy interoperability. BRI participating countries will develop more practical collaboration, harmonization and an effective policy support structure. Synchronizing policies focused on ecotourism can help connect travelers and tourist destinations to encourage travel and mutual appreciation.

This includes visa-friendly rules that facilitate the arrival of tourists and mutual recognition of industry standards. This will contribute to the growth of high level ecotourism.

The second point is unrestricted trading. Customs support for information exchange, mutual recognition of supervision, and law enforcement support in en route countries expands trade opportunities and improves trade setups.

These factors increase the demand for technologies, materials and resources in the local regions as well as the Belt and Road, thus approving the improvement of the local industrial structure, an industrial atmosphere conducive to the growth of ecotourism and an increase significant from corporate ecotourism and other sources.

Then there is monetary support. The removal of barriers to trade and investment, diversification of financing and investment channels of national areas on the road, greater convenience of inbound tourism, efficient flow of capital items between sectors, a Appropriate capital regulation of participating nations and supporting factors for best tourism growth are a few examples.

The fourth point is cultural communication. The creation of cultural initiatives and events in the nations along the route provides a communication platform for the growth of tourism, thus reducing the psychological distance of travelers.

Local exhibition tourism, festival tourism and other new sectors are aided by ecotourism collaboration, sports activities and other enterprises. A well-rounded and accessible cultural ecology and public opinion culture is essential for the growth of Belt and Road ecotourism.

In summary, one of the goals of the BRI is to publicize the openness of the region and to conduct deeper collaboration and exchange with global communities.

Executing the strategy has facilitated ecotourism collaboration among nations on the route, enabling Asean’s distinctive cultural, historical and natural landscapes to attract travelers from around the world.

The BRI aims to make the cities where the policy is implemented more welcoming to tourists while ensuring the sustainable growth of ecotourism in ASEAN areas, maximizing local potential.

Dr Lin Woon Leong is a senior lecturer at Taylor’s University, Malaysia. The opinions expressed here are entirely those of the author.

The SEARCH Scholar Series is a social accountability program jointly organized by the South-East Asia Research Center for Humanities (SEARCH) and the Center of Business and Policy Research, Tunku Abdul Rahman University College (TAR UC), and co-hosted by the Association of Belt and Road Malaysia.

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SITC launched the first express service Silk Road Shipping http://gurugama.org/sitc-launched-the-first-express-service-silk-road-shipping/ Wed, 15 Jun 2022 10:44:05 +0000 http://gurugama.org/sitc-launched-the-first-express-service-silk-road-shipping/ The EPX1 line is the first Silk Road Shipping e-commerce express route operated by SITC, providing direct service between the port of Xiamen in China and the southern port of Manila in the Philippines. This “two ports one trip” service will materialize the delivery of e-commerce goods between the two countries and the two ports. […]]]>

The EPX1 line is the first Silk Road Shipping e-commerce express route operated by SITC, providing direct service between the port of Xiamen in China and the southern port of Manila in the Philippines.

This “two ports one trip” service will materialize the delivery of e-commerce goods between the two countries and the two ports. Reap the Benefits of the Shipping Dock Platform, SITC International E-commerce Express EPX1 has its own berth in Xiamen Port, provision of a bonded warehouse, and create a high-quality logistics channel for cross-border e-commerce customers in Xiamen.

SITCPresident Yang Shaopeng said the establishment of this express transportation will attract more exports from Xiamen Port, and we will continue to open more e-commerce express lanes in Southeast Asia to establish a much closer connection between Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia and other regions.

As end of 2021, SITC operated a fleet of 96 container ships and five bulk carriers, providing services to 16 countries and regions.

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China and the Belt and Road Initiative in South Asia http://gurugama.org/china-and-the-belt-and-road-initiative-in-south-asia/ Mon, 13 Jun 2022 13:45:51 +0000 http://gurugama.org/china-and-the-belt-and-road-initiative-in-south-asia/ In 2013, President Xi Jinping announced the launch of two new Chinese connectivity projects: an “economic belt” along the historic Eurasian Silk Road and a 21st Century Maritime Silk Road to expand cooperation between China and Southeast Asian countries. The common theme of the two was to increase China’s collaboration and communication with regional nations […]]]>

In 2013, President Xi Jinping announced the launch of two new Chinese connectivity projects: an “economic belt” along the historic Eurasian Silk Road and a 21st Century Maritime Silk Road to expand cooperation between China and Southeast Asian countries. The common theme of the two was to increase China’s collaboration and communication with regional nations to enhance mutual development and prosperity.

Over the next decade, the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) grew into a massive infrastructure, trade and connectivity project, stretching beyond Eurasia and Southeast Asia to regions such as South Asia, the Middle East and many parts of Africa. Some China observers have argued that the BRI is China’s updated and planned grand strategic vision of its historical Middle Kingdom hierarchy – China is centered on a global network of connectivity where all roads ( territorial and maritime) lead to Beijing. Others feared that the BRI was China’s strategic plan to gain geopolitical power by making smaller and weaker countries indefinitely beholden. Still others have warned that the BRI, far from being a monolithic, well-planned vision, is deeply fragmented by national interests, diluting its effectiveness as a unified grand strategy. These arguments assess whether the BRI is a success or failure for China, that is, whether the BRI enhances China’s geopolitical status and brings economic benefits to it. These factors are important, but they are centered on China. Ultimately, success also hinges on a more overlooked consideration: recipient countries’ perception of China and their reception of the BRI.

Safer:

China

Belt and Road Initiative

South Asia

India

Pakistan

The success or failure of the Belt and Road Initiative in South Asia can be determined by asking two questions. First, do recipient countries see the BRI as a positive Chinese initiative that brings significant benefits, whether political or economic? The BRI and China are considered synonymous, so positive views on the BRI can not only reinforce positive views on China, but in theory also make recipient countries willing to continue cooperation with China. Second, has the recipient country been able to manage the BRI to advance its own national agenda? If recipient countries see the BRI advancing their stated political or economic goals, they are likely to continue to welcome increased Chinese investment. Conversely, if they consider that the BRI does not deliver on the promise of economic benefits or has significant political side effects, then it may give recipient countries pause. In the long run, this could affect further cooperation with the BRI and China. In South Asia, even if a beneficiary country sees the BRI and China in a positive light, it has not necessarily also been able to manage the BRI to its satisfaction. Pakistan is an example. Again, even where the BRI and China are viewed negatively, as in India, the government has been able to use the specter of the BRI to advance other interests.

The lesson for the United States is that if it seeks to curb China’s influence in South Asia, it must pay attention to how potential recipients of such largesse react to China and the BRI. The United States cannot match BRI investments in South Asia, but it can support South Asian countries that choose to cooperate with China, as well as with India, the dominant power in the region. . If the BRI delivers on its promise to provide connectivity and infrastructure in South Asian countries that badly need it, it can contribute to domestic stability – a less volatile South Asia is in the interests of the United States . The United States can achieve stronger partnerships and increased credibility by actively empowering South Asian countries to assess the merits and demerits of the BRI, and by supporting alternatives for those who opt out, rather than to oppose the BRI wholesale.

This discussion paper was made possible through the generous support of the Ford Foundation.

Professors: To request a review copy, contact [email protected]. Please include your university and course name.

Safer:

China

Belt and Road Initiative

South Asia

India

Pakistan

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Have a nice trip to Gothenburg http://gurugama.org/have-a-nice-trip-to-gothenburg/ Sat, 11 Jun 2022 12:07:40 +0000 http://gurugama.org/have-a-nice-trip-to-gothenburg/ File photo of Gothenburg, Sweden set sail to return to Guangzhou, China October 2, 2005. [Photo/VCG] Gotheborg of Sweden, the largest wooden ocean-going sailing ship in the world, is now setting sail again, attracting considerable attention wherever it goes. After departing homeport on June 8, 2022, Gotheborg cruised northern Europe and the Baltic Sea, planning […]]]>

File photo of Gothenburg, Sweden set sail to return to Guangzhou, China October 2, 2005. [Photo/VCG]

Gotheborg of Sweden, the largest wooden ocean-going sailing ship in the world, is now setting sail again, attracting considerable attention wherever it goes. After departing homeport on June 8, 2022, Gotheborg cruised northern Europe and the Baltic Sea, planning to cross the North Sea after a few Mediterranean rendezvous during the winter of 2022/2023 and heading for the Indian Ocean via the Suez Canal. for finally Shanghai before the fall.

Good stories are worth telling, especially the story of Gothenburg. Open-mindedness and pioneering spirit drove these precursors from Gothenburg for a long time until they made their name known to Eurasians. As early as 1740, a group of sailors risked their lives to pave the way for widespread European engagement with the trade network known as the Maritime Silk Road. The very first contact sowed the seeds of the people-to-people relationship which was formalized by the memorandum of cooperation between Gothenburg and Shanghai in 1986, and transformed into sister-city relations in 2003, enhancing mutual cooperation from trade to sports.

A sister city or friendship city relationship is a form of social agreement between two geographically and politically distinct localities with the aim of promoting cultural and commercial ties and has therefore been encouraged by the UN and adopted nationwide. world. The modern concept of town twinning has its roots in the Second World War, when bonds of solidarity between cities of allied countries were established in response to battles. Similar ties have been continually created to foster friendship and understanding between former enemies as an act of post-war peace and reconciliation. The purpose of the twinning then broadened to encourage trade and tourism, to form strategic international business ties and, especially in recent years, to combat COVID-19 by mutually supporting response and recovery efforts. .

Unfortunately, in 2020, Gothenburg authorities, driven by political motives, unilaterally announced the end of their relationship as a city of friendship with Shanghai, starting from the determination to form a united front in the face of the common crisis and abandoning the intention initial of this twinning partnership. However, some people’s intention to politicize people-to-people relations can neither undo the efforts of the majority of the two peoples nor cloud the 34-year-old friendship between them.

Public interest in shipwreck archeology prevailed throughout the 1980s and 1990s, reviving the glory of Gothenburg, which sank on a reef returning from China with loads of china, silk, tea and all kinds of hot sellers when the maritime trade was in full swing. Since then, reviving the ship and returning to China has become the constant wish of the Swedes as part of their vision of the Far East.

Construction of the replica began in 1995 with the hull launched in 2003. In 2005, the ship was greeted with cheers after its 10-month adventure when Shanghainese people flocked to port to view it. Shanghai’s warm hospitality was hard to refuse, and Gotheborg extended his stay there again and again. A ship from afar has become the bridge between the two peoples and the symbol of their years of friendship.

The common development of human society takes shape with cooperation and interconnection between countries and regions. As between Shanghai and Gothenburg, the fruitful exchanges and collaborations within the framework of the friendship city relationship have witnessed comprehensive development, with increasingly deep mutual trust and understanding and cooperation in various fields continuously expanding in areas such as energy, economy and trade – the inauguration of Volvo’s first-ever overseas research and development center battery laboratory in Jiading district, increased investment from Chinese companies represented by Geely in Gothenburg… If you are a sports enthusiast, you must have been impressed by Tobias Hysen, who scored 19 goals and made 10 assists in 28 games for Shanghai SIPG. If you learn that Hysen was from Gothenburg, you might see more of the relationship between the two towns and their people and appreciate it better.

Shanghai has so far forged twinning partnerships not only with Gothenburg but with almost a hundred places and continues to receive offers from all sides. And since 2020, together with Barcelona, ​​Oslo, Milan, Hamburg and many other cities, Shanghai has been developing a roadmap and advancing these solutions to recover from the shocks caused by the pandemic. It is because we all deeply understand that we are at a critical moment in human history that would be a turning point as well as an opportunity to write the next chapter together and create shared prosperity for all and with all.

We therefore look forward to Gotheborg’s return to Shanghai, the reinvention of a model of cooperation that spans areas from trade to sports and beyond.

Have a good trip to Gothenburg. We wish him a great adventure. And we will be waiting for it with warmest cheers here in China.

Zhu Rui works at the Institute of European Studies of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

The opinions expressed here are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of China Daily and the China Daily website.

If you have specific expertise or want to share your opinion on our stories, send us your writings to opinion@chinadaily.com.cn and comment@chinadaily.com.cn.

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Sri Lanka grants 40-year tax break to China-backed port city investments http://gurugama.org/sri-lanka-grants-40-year-tax-break-to-china-backed-port-city-investments/ Thu, 09 Jun 2022 04:06:00 +0000 http://gurugama.org/sri-lanka-grants-40-year-tax-break-to-china-backed-port-city-investments/ Colombo: Crisis-hit Sri Lanka has decided to grant a special 40-year tax break to the Chinese-built port city of Colombo to attract potential investors, the country’s largest foreign direct investment island nation that failed to attract investment after the much-vaunted project opened for nearly a year. , a senior minister said on Tuesday. Cabinet spokesman […]]]>

Colombo: Crisis-hit Sri Lanka has decided to grant a special 40-year tax break to the Chinese-built port city of Colombo to attract potential investors, the country’s largest foreign direct investment island nation that failed to attract investment after the much-vaunted project opened for nearly a year. , a senior minister said on Tuesday.

Cabinet spokesman Bandula Gunawardana at a weekly Cabinet briefing said the Cabinet decided to offer the concessions to attract more investment to the port city, the Economy news site reported. Next.

We made this decision because other countries offered more competitive tax breaks than us in order to attract investors, Gunawardana said.

Gunawardana said if such concessions attract more foreign investors, it would help solve the dollar crisis in Sri Lanka.

With this economic downturn, attracting investors is a challenge as local investors in the country are moving to countries like Bangladesh, Ethiopia and Kenya due to favorable investment opportunities, he said. .

Port city officials told the website they planned to sell 100 hectares of reclaimed land with an investment target of $5 billion.

A total of 269 hectares of land has been reclaimed by the China Harbor Engineering Company (CHEC) as part of the Port City project, raising concerns over the outright concession of 20 hectares to the Chinese company and the area air exclusion.

However, later the last government suspended the project and revised the cause to remove both land ownership and the no-fly zone in the agreement amid protests from India over security concerns.

As Sri Lanka defaulted on $51 billion in external debt and most of its foreign exchange reserves were depleted with no money to import fuel and cooking gas, China’s massive construction infrastructure projects were on display. as projects that drained public finances for this lack of utility.

Moreover, as the Sri Lankan government desperately tries to secure long-term IMF funding to recover from complete bankruptcy, the future of the much-vaunted Chinese-funded Colombo Port City project aims to build a 665-acre artificial island to create an international financial center. is also in balance.

The $1.4 billion Colombo Port City project, which is expected to play a key role in China’s ambitious ‘Sea Silk Road’ project in India’s backyard, would be the biggest private sector development in Sri Lanka.

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The Brief — The EU’s new borders – EURACTIV.com http://gurugama.org/the-brief-the-eus-new-borders-euractiv-com/ Mon, 06 Jun 2022 14:55:05 +0000 http://gurugama.org/the-brief-the-eus-new-borders-euractiv-com/ Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has turned into a kind of Third World War, which will lead to major changes, including new borders in Europe, after which we are not sure that France and Germany will remain the largest and most influential countries in our union. The gap between France, which says Russia (and Vladimir Putin) […]]]>

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has turned into a kind of Third World War, which will lead to major changes, including new borders in Europe, after which we are not sure that France and Germany will remain the largest and most influential countries in our union.

The gap between France, which says Russia (and Vladimir Putin) should not be humiliated, and a group of countries with Poland at its center, who want the defeat of Russia, should not be taken lightly .

There is much more here than the usual contradiction between hawks and doves in a society or an organization.

Putin’s Russia made many mistakes in starting this war. He united and strengthened NATO, convinced Sweden and Finland that they should join the alliance and inspired Denmark to abandon its EU defense policy.

But something much bigger, less visible, is a real game-changer.

Poland, a country, along with Hungary, often referred to as the black sheep of the EU, for taking liberties with the rule of law, has now gained moral authority for being right in its attitude towards Russia.

Poland has gone to great lengths to provide all kinds of assistance to Ukraine. Never have relations between two European countries blossomed with such magnificence.

There are several post-war settlement scenarios, but all seem to augur a geopolitical rapprochement between Warsaw and Kyiv. We took a bit of liberty in imagining them.

In the worst case, Ukraine would be impoverished of a large part of its territory and the remnants would be incorporated into Poland. Hungary might want a piece, but Viktor Orban will probably end up empty-handed.

In the best-case scenario, Ukraine would retain most of its vast territory.

Faced with the refusal of its accelerated accession to the EU, Ukraine could merge with Poland, which would automatically give it the status of territory of the EU, the former German Democratic Republic having been integrated into Federal Germany in 1990.

For those who will assume a legal problem here, let us recall how negligent the EU has been with its territorial integrity.

In 2004, the whole territory of Cyprus became a member of the EU. The fact that Turkey has de facto control of its northern part does not seem to ruffle Brussels.

The name of the future state is a detail, but it can be assumed that it would contain both the names of Poland and Ukraine for legal and political considerations, so it would not be called Rzeczpospolita, although it would be similar to the first Rzeczpospolita Polska of 1569-1795.

With a population of 80 million and 900,000 km², such a state would have more territory than France or Germany and more population than France.

More importantly, it would be a natural nucleus for a group of like-minded countries, including Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and recently also Slovakia, as well as perhaps Romania, which in turn could continue its own merger project with Moldova.

Bulgaria has not yet decided what role it will play. Still, Romania and Bulgaria, located on the Black Sea, will grow in importance as old Silk Road plans are to be reformatted into a central route via the Caspian and Black Seas.

The balance of power within the EU would logically change, as would the emancipation strategies of the EU vis-à-vis the United States. Unlike France, Poland and its friends attach the greatest importance to the Atlantic relationship.

Although this sketch sounds a lot like political fiction, we are aware that such considerations are present in the minds of EU politicians and diplomats when it comes to making decisions regarding Ukraine.

This could explain why France and Germany are providing aid in dribs and drabs and moving with some caution.

When Putin started this stupid war, he dealt a terrible blow to the two EU powers that are so friendly with Russia. It is not easy to imagine how they could recover.


The roundup

A number of European countries have stepped up efforts to reopen shipping corridors to transport Ukrainian grain, possibly with the help of a third-party security guarantor, but it is unclear whether Russia accept any deal.

European lawmakers are moving to strengthen the Commission’s proposal to ensure that women hold 40% of non-executive seats on the boards of listed companies, while campaigners call for the text to be passed quickly before the end of the French Presidency of the Council of the EU.

Record inflation and sluggish growth threatening France’s purchasing power are at the heart of the political debate, with the country due to go to the polls again on June 12 and 19.

While moving away from pesticides will create difficulties, especially in terms of productivity, agroecology is the solution needed to tackle this problem and ultimately generate production gains, researcher Xavier Reboud told EURACTIV.

Russia hit Kyiv with cruise missiles fired from the Caspian Sea on Sunday, hitting a railroad car repair factory in the Ukrainian capital in the first such attack in weeks, the Ukrainian military and chief of country’s railways.

Pay attention to…

  • Plenary session of the European Parliament.
  • Agriculture Commissioner Janusz Wojciechowksi addresses Monday’s plenary to mark the 60th anniversary of the Common Agricultural Policy.
  • Commission Vice-President Margaritis Schinas meets UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres in New York.

The views are those of the author

[Edited by Zoran Radosavljevic/Alice Taylor]

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Wang Yi: China ready to develop BRI cooperation plan with Timor-Leste http://gurugama.org/wang-yi-china-ready-to-develop-bri-cooperation-plan-with-timor-leste/ Fri, 03 Jun 2022 15:02:09 +0000 http://gurugama.org/wang-yi-china-ready-to-develop-bri-cooperation-plan-with-timor-leste/ China is ready to work with Timor-Leste to develop a Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) cooperation plan and clarify key areas of cooperation, the State Councilor said Friday. Chinese and Foreign Minister Wang Yi. Wang made the remarks while meeting with Prime Minister of Timor-Leste Taur Matan Ruak in Dili, the capital of Timor-Leste. Proposed […]]]>

China is ready to work with Timor-Leste to develop a Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) cooperation plan and clarify key areas of cooperation, the State Councilor said Friday. Chinese and Foreign Minister Wang Yi.

Wang made the remarks while meeting with Prime Minister of Timor-Leste Taur Matan Ruak in Dili, the capital of Timor-Leste.

Proposed by China in 2013, the BRI includes the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, and aims to build trade and infrastructure networks linking Asia with Europe and to Africa along and beyond the ancient Silk Roads.

China and Timor-Leste signed a memorandum of understanding on BRI cooperation in March 2017.

Wang met with Timor-Leste Foreign Minister Adaljiza Albertina Xavier Reis Magno the same day.

The two countries agreed to deepen the alignment of development strategies and deepen mutually beneficial cooperation in areas such as infrastructure, energy capacity, poverty reduction, education and health.

This year marks the 20th anniversary of the restoration of independence of Timor-Leste and the 20th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Timor-Leste.

Timor-Leste is the final leg of Wang’s 10-day tour of the Pacific region, following visits to the Solomon Islands, Kiribati, Samoa, Fiji, Tonga, Vanuatu and Papua New Guinea.

Read more:

Chinese, Timorese presidents exchange congratulations on 20th anniversary of diplomatic ties

President of Timor-Leste: China contributes to global and regional economies

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Ancient petroglyphs discovered in eastern Iran http://gurugama.org/ancient-petroglyphs-discovered-in-eastern-iran/ Wed, 01 Jun 2022 14:15:34 +0000 http://gurugama.org/ancient-petroglyphs-discovered-in-eastern-iran/ Tehran – Two ancient rock-carved petroglyphs were recently discovered in the eastern city of Khusf, which was once located on the ancient Silk Road, the tourism chief of Khusf has said. A new layer of petroglyphs has been discovered in the area following recent rains and floods, CHTN said Wednesday citing Ali Salehi. Located north […]]]>

Tehran – Two ancient rock-carved petroglyphs were recently discovered in the eastern city of Khusf, which was once located on the ancient Silk Road, the tourism chief of Khusf has said.

A new layer of petroglyphs has been discovered in the area following recent rains and floods, CHTN said Wednesday citing Ali Salehi.

Located north of a small village in South Khorasan province, these petroglyphs were painted in a clever and purposeful way, the official explained.

These rock carvings are carved into volcanic rocks and depict mountain goats, horses, riders, hunting scenes and flowers, he added.

According to archaeologists, the newly discovered petroglyphs date back to between 2,500 and 3,000 years ago, during the Sagartian era, an ancient Iranian tribe, inhabiting the Iranian plateau, he noted.

South Khorasan is an explorer’s delight – plenty to discover but hardly another visitor to be found even at the most important sites (despite a decent infrastructure of recently paved roads).

The region alternates between arid mountains and semi-deserts and is famous for saffron and barberry. But there are also a host of old mud villages that appear to have been left almost complete as if to tempt archaeologists.

Currently, there are more than 40 countries along historic land and sea routes, which are collectively referred to as the Silk Road (or Silk Roads). However, this vast network transported more than goods and precious foodstuffs: the constant movement and mixing of populations also led to the transmission of knowledge, ideas, cultures and beliefs, which have profoundly marked history and civilizations. Eurasian peoples. .

Experts say that travelers along the Silk Road were attracted not only by the trade, but also by the intellectual and cultural exchanges that took place in the cities along the Silk Road, many of which developed in centers of culture and learning. Science, arts and literature, as well as crafts and technologies, were thus shared and diffused in the societies along these routes, and thus, languages, religions and cultures developed and influence each other.

For thousands of years, the ancient Silk Road has passed through many different empires, kingdoms, kingdoms and societies. According to UNESCO, the Silk Road enriched the countries crossed, transporting cultures, religions, languages ​​and of course material goods in the societies of Europe, Asia and Africa, and uniting them all. with a common thread of cultural heritage and plural identities. .

HAS DRUNK/

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Newhouse introduces bill to stop China from buying US farmland http://gurugama.org/newhouse-introduces-bill-to-stop-china-from-buying-us-farmland/ Thu, 26 May 2022 16:18:52 +0000 http://gurugama.org/newhouse-introduces-bill-to-stop-china-from-buying-us-farmland/ WASHINGTON DC – Today Rep. Dan Newhouse (R-WA) released the following statement before introducing the Farmland Prohibition Act for the People’s Republic of China. This legislation would prohibit the purchase of public or private agricultural land in the United States by foreign nationals associated with the government of the People’s Republic of China. In addition, […]]]>

WASHINGTON DC – Today Rep. Dan Newhouse (R-WA) released the following statement before introducing the Farmland Prohibition Act for the People’s Republic of China. This legislation would prohibit the purchase of public or private agricultural land in the United States by foreign nationals associated with the government of the People’s Republic of China. In addition, the legislation would prohibit the same associations from participating in any United States Department of Agriculture program except food safety inspections.

“We are from the largest country in the world, and there is simply no reason for us to be dependent on a communist country like China for our food supply. food supply to an opposing foreign nation, we may be forced to export food grown within our own borders for our own use. Conversely, by strengthening American agriculture, we can create jobs, strengthen our economy and improve our national supply chain in the future,” Rep. Newhouse said. “Put simply, we should take every step possible to bolster our domestic production while preventing our adversaries from gaining a foothold in our supply chain, and I’m proud to lead that charge in Congress.”

China’s US farmland has increased more than tenfold over the past decade, and at the start of 2020, Chinese investments held $2 billion of US farmland.

Click on here to read the full text of the bill.

Background:

  • In September 2013, the President of the People’s Republic of China and General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, Xi Jinping, announced China’s “grand politico-economic project”, now known as the Belt and the Road (BIS) or Debt Trap Diplomacy. . Over the past decade, President Xi has invested and continues to invest billions in the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road in Asia, Europe, Africa and the Americas.
  • A 2018 USDA report Economic Studies Service found that Chinese investment in the agricultural sector has increased tenfold over the past decade.
    • A 1978 federal law, known as the Agricultural Foreign Investment Disclosure Act, requires foreign entities to report farmland transactions to the USDA Farm Service Agency. The data covers the years 1900 to 2016.
  • Already, six states have laws prohibiting foreign ownership of farmland. These states are Hawaii, Iowa, Minnesota, Mississippi, North Dakota and the state of Oklahoma, but restrictions on Chinese land ownership can be circumvented by Chinese investors buying large US corporations that own agricultural land.
  • Last year, Rep. Newhouse introduced an amendment to the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Bill to prohibit the purchase of agricultural land by the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and return the land currently held by the People’s Republic of China not eligible for agricultural programs. This amendment was passed aloud.
  • Farmland Prohibition Act for the People’s Republic of China would direct the President of the United States to take all necessary action to prohibit public or private agricultural land in the United States by foreign nationals associated with the government of the People’s Republic of China. In addition, the legislation would prohibit the same associations from participating in any United States Department of Agriculture program except food safety inspections.

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Rahul Gandhi compares India to the European Union and stirs up sub-nationalism http://gurugama.org/rahul-gandhi-compares-india-to-the-european-union-and-stirs-up-sub-nationalism/ Wed, 25 May 2022 07:08:16 +0000 http://gurugama.org/rahul-gandhi-compares-india-to-the-european-union-and-stirs-up-sub-nationalism/ Gandhi’s descendant Rahul Gandhi courted controversy again on Tuesday as he challenged India’s national unity by calling it a “union of states” and not a nation. Speaking at an event titled ‘India at 75’ at Corpus Christi College, University of Cambridge hosted by Congress party sympathizer Shruti Kapila, Rahul Gandhi once again promoted the under- […]]]>

Gandhi’s descendant Rahul Gandhi courted controversy again on Tuesday as he challenged India’s national unity by calling it a “union of states” and not a nation.

Speaking at an event titled ‘India at 75’ at Corpus Christi College, University of Cambridge hosted by Congress party sympathizer Shruti Kapila, Rahul Gandhi once again promoted the under- nationalism in addition to inciting people by calling for a mass movement against the Indian state.

In what appears to be a scripted interview with Kapila, Rahul Gandhi shared several insights which included his idea of ​​India as a nation while disparaging India’s electoral system and democratic credentials, including expressing doubts against the independent functioning of the country’s judicial system.

Responding to the question about the Congress party’s idea of ​​India, the descendant of Gandhi tried to fend off sub-nationalist tendencies by saying that India was a “union of states” and not a nation. He went on to add that several federal entities came together and negotiated to create what is now known as India, Bharat. He said that India as a political entity is nothing but a negotiation between states.

In his interview, Rahul Gandhi claimed that there was a systematic attack on the institutions that allowed compatriots to express themselves. He also added that the basic structures, the electoral system, the parliament and the democratic system, are captured by a single organization. He said the conversation about India is being eradicated and the Deep State, which according to Rahul Gandhi is RSS, is capturing these spaces.

Congress leader Rahul Gandhi has alleged there is a ‘systematic attack’ on the institutions that allow India to speak, and as the conversation is stifled, the ‘deep state’ is entering these spaces and redefine the way conversations happen. in the countryside.

At an event titled ‘India at 75’ at Cambridge University’s Corpus Christi College on Monday evening, Mr Gandhi spoke on a wide range of topics: from Hindu nationalism, to the role of family Gandhi within the Congress party and to the mobilization efforts of the people of the country as he fielded questions from a large diaspora of Indian students.

In a conversation with Shruti Kapila, Rahul Gandhi reiterated some of his points from last week’s conference, including the impact of the ‘deep state’ on Indian politics.

“For us, India comes alive when India speaks, and India dies when India is silent. What I see as underway is a systematic attack on the institutions that give India a voice – Parliament, the electoral system and the basic structure of democracy being captured by a single organization. And, as the conversation is eradicated, the deep state enters those spaces and redefines how that conversation unfolds,” he said.

According to Rahul Gandhi, democratic competition depends on certain structures such as a free and fair electoral system, an independent judiciary and a fair press. Rahul Gandhi also lamented that the Election Commission is not responding to their appeals against BJP election practices while accusing the press of not giving enough space to other political leaders except Modi.

The Congressman also claimed that the BJP has total dominance over the media and social media platforms which he says are influencing the elections in India.

Rahul Gandhi compares India to the European Union and compares Indian states as independent entities

In his interview, Rahul Gandhi again raised the issue of sub-nationalism to compare it to other democracies. Interestingly, the descendant of Gandhi compared India to confederations such as the European Union and not to the federal democratic configuration like the United States. According to Gandhi, India’s political formation is much like a loosely connected supranational European Union, where multinational political syndicates negotiated power together as an arrangement.

“In our system, if you’re going to compare the UK. Think of India much more like Europe than you think of England. India is much closer to Europe than to England. It is much more correct to consider India as Europe and to think of a politically and economically united Europe. This is what India realized 70 years ago. Incidentally, Europe has not succeeded in this. What was achieved 70 years ago was a powerful and unique thing. But this requires a conversation between these states. Now where the issue of BJP and Congress comes in. The National Party is the party that seals the conversation. So actually, I don’t see that as a real challenge to the Congress party. I see this as a huge opportunity for the Congress party to respond to it properly,” said Rahul Gandhi.

With this speech, Rahul Gandhi took a step forward in openly professing his rhetoric of sub-nationalism by almost declaring the federal units in India as independent entities, while placing the national identity of the nation on a superficial level by comparing to the European Union. It is important to understand that the European Union is not a national identity but a political formation by European nations for their political-economic convenience. No shared identity or value system represents the European Union, unlike India, which is a civilizational state.

Rahul Gandhi is now dangerously pushing an idea to weaken India’s cultural and civilizational identity by inducing sub-national identities to flourish in one of the most complex societies in the world, namely India.

On the issue of two-party system in India, Rahul Gandhi also claimed that there are only two political parties in many states of India including Uttar Pradesh, while indirectly agreeing that Congress does not is more of an entity in India’s largest state where the Nehru-Gandhi family’s political fortunes once flourished.

Rahul Gandhi on Big-Tech and Monopolies

Again, Congress leader Rahul Gandhi has denounced social media platforms for their alleged partial and biased stance and accused them of having a say in India’s political system. Even though Big Tech is accused of pushing the leftist narrative, Mr. Gandhi has peddled a contrary claim that social media platforms like Twitter, Facebook and WhatsApp have favored India’s ruling political party and that its respective CEOs do not never met, never considered opposition parties. .

“I don’t believe that big social media companies are neutral. The way the Indian elections are going, they are basically taking place on these platforms. They fight on WhatsApp, not so much on Twitter but on Facebook and WhatsApp certainly,” he said. Gandhi was speaking at the event organized by the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at Corpus Christi College, University of Cambridge, as part of a series of events celebrating the 75th anniversary of the independence of the ‘India.

The Congress leader further specifically mocked Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and said he favored the Indian prime minister and his party. “The Facebook boss has never met an Indian opposition leader. He comes, meets the prime minister and goes home. The CEO of Facebook in Delhi was also a BJP person. So how can we say that these social media platforms are unbiased? Major politics is happening on these platforms,” he said.

Meanwhile, he also cited his personal example to say that his new Twitter followers have stopped growing from 40,000 a day to zero. Gandhi in August 2021 had organized protests demanding justice for a nine-year-old Dalit girl who was raped, murdered and then cremated by the perpetrators in Delhi. However, he had revealed the minor’s identity on social media, following which Twitter deleted his tweet, which also contained a photo of the deceased minor’s parents.

“On my Twitter account, I used to have 40,000 Twitter users a day. I went to Delhi for the protest, and after that, like magic, my Twitter users dropped to zero. We have Wrote to Twitter and searched for the reason, but no satisfactory answer came in. Three months later, we contacted the Wall Street Journal, and the day before the article was due to be published, my users were back to 40 000 a day. It’s the same with WhatsApp. I don’t believe they are neutral platforms,” ​​Rahul Gandhi said while lamenting that big tech companies are working against him.

At the event that marked the conclusion of Gandhi’s UK tour, which began last week, the Congress leader also accused Indian media of operating the opera. “About 140 to 160 media entities are owned by one person. There is a media monopoly, and then there are several commercial monopolies supporting and funding the Bharatiya Janata Party.”

Rahul Gandhi says China is creating prosperity in India’s neighborhood

Congress leader Rahul Gandhi also defended China’s growing influence in the Indian subcontinent and said China wanted the countries around it.

Speaking to Shruti Kapila at the University of Cambridge, Rahul Gandhi spared no effort in defending the dragon, where he said: “There are now two competing visions on the ground. One is the west, India is part of it, which is a sea view, and the other is a land view, the Belton route, where most of the trade is from China by the old route silk to Europe and China dominates this trade. It’s the shock.

Continuing: “This is what China is building. What China offers to the countries around it is the idea of ​​prosperity. China is telling us to allow us to build your infrastructure. Allow us to install the communications backbone. Allow us to put in 5G. We will give you the money. You build your own infrastructure, and then we will have prosperity together. That’s what they offer, and it’s a very powerful thing to offer. But it is not in our interest. It is not in India’s interest for China to expand like this.

Rahul Gandhi also called the ongoing cold war between the US and China a civilizational rivalry and said it would have serious consequences for India. He said the United States was championing one vision and China was putting another vision on the table. He said,

“My problem is that you [the US] can’t tell India that we will have a defense pact and we will fight with China without the prosperity part. If there is an alternative vision, that vision must actually create prosperity. It has to create wealth,” the MP for Wayanad said.

The event, organized by the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at Corpus Christi College, University of Cambridge, as part of a series of events celebrating the 75th anniversary of India’s independence, marks the conclusion of Gandhi’s UK tour, which began last week.

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