Maritime silk road – Gurugama http://gurugama.org/ Mon, 26 Sep 2022 00:22:13 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 http://gurugama.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/favicon-16.png Maritime silk road – Gurugama http://gurugama.org/ 32 32 Bangladesh Consulate General Attends 4th Hong Kong International Art & Collectibles Exhibition 2022 http://gurugama.org/bangladesh-consulate-general-attends-4th-hong-kong-international-art-collectibles-exhibition-2022/ Sun, 25 Sep 2022 13:50:00 +0000 http://gurugama.org/bangladesh-consulate-general-attends-4th-hong-kong-international-art-collectibles-exhibition-2022/ The Consulate General of Bangladesh in Hong Kong participated in the “4th Hong Kong International Art & Collectibles Exhibition” held from September 23 to 25 at the Asia World Expo in Hong Kong. The exhibition, also called Belt & Road National Art & Culture Expo, was jointly organized by Paper Communication Exhibition Services and the […]]]>

The Consulate General of Bangladesh in Hong Kong participated in the “4th Hong Kong International Art & Collectibles Exhibition” held from September 23 to 25 at the Asia World Expo in Hong Kong.

The exhibition, also called Belt & Road National Art & Culture Expo, was jointly organized by Paper Communication Exhibition Services and the African General Chamber of Commerce and supported by the Hong Kong Tourism Board, the Maritime Silk Road Society, the Consulate General of Bangladesh and many more.

Israt Ara, Consul General was invited to attend the inauguration of the opening ceremony with Regina Ip, convenor of the Executive Council and co-president of the Maritime Silk Road Society and other guests on September 23, reads in a Press release.

After the pandemic, it was one of the biggest cultural events held in Hong Kong.

Over 250 renowned Hong Kong art galleries/organizations and some Hong Kong-based consulates including Bangladesh have set up booths at the exhibition where traditional and modern artworks, paintings by international artists and famous locals were exhibited.

There were cultural performances from some countries, the statement added.

Apart from paintings by Bangladeshi artists, traditional Bangladeshi “Nakshi Kantha” and brass crafts were exhibited at the Bangladesh booth which attracted many visitors.

The guests received tea bags from Bangladesh as a token gift.

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Standing at the head of the tide, Haicang is committed to creating a world-class bay area http://gurugama.org/standing-at-the-head-of-the-tide-haicang-is-committed-to-creating-a-world-class-bay-area/ Wed, 21 Sep 2022 13:15:22 +0000 http://gurugama.org/standing-at-the-head-of-the-tide-haicang-is-committed-to-creating-a-world-class-bay-area/ AsiaNet 97959 Xiamen, China, Sept. 21, 2022 (ANTARA/Xinhua-AsiaNet) — Haicang District of Xiamen City, Fujian Province, is Taiwan’s first and largest national investment zone, and it serves as a model for Xiamen Inter-island Development. The proximity of the areas of Haicang Bay New Town, Maluan Bay New Town, Cangjiang New Town and Aoguan New Town […]]]>
AsiaNet 97959

Xiamen, China, Sept. 21, 2022 (ANTARA/Xinhua-AsiaNet) — Haicang District of Xiamen City, Fujian Province, is Taiwan’s first and largest national investment zone, and it serves as a model for Xiamen Inter-island Development. The proximity of the areas of Haicang Bay New Town, Maluan Bay New Town, Cangjiang New Town and Aoguan New Town creates a magnificent pattern here.

As an industry-oriented district, Haicang’s GDP has increased by 60 billion yuan. The Haicang port area, which is well connected to the outside world, contributes a large share of Fujian Province’s annual container throughput. The prosperous Haicang Bay enables a harmonious coexistence of man and nature. It is here that Minnan culture, Maritime Silk Road culture and modern vitality merge as the cultural lineage continues.

Gentle sea breezes, puffy white clouds, crystal clear blue bay, beautiful port city, Haicang emanates diversity, openness and aspiration. Staying ahead of the tide, Haicang will build a world-class bay with a high-quality, first-class environment from a higher starting point.

Source: Haicang Convergence Media Center

Image attachment links:

Caption: Haicang District in Xiamen

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Silk Road Maritime important link to stimulate “double circulation” http://gurugama.org/silk-road-maritime-important-link-to-stimulate-double-circulation/ Mon, 19 Sep 2022 07:17:00 +0000 http://gurugama.org/silk-road-maritime-important-link-to-stimulate-double-circulation/ BEIJING, September 19, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — Since its launch by East China Fujian Province In 2018, Silk Road Maritime showed strong momentum of development and resilience, becoming an important link in promoting the “dual circulation” of domestic and international markets. Despite the constantly changing global economic environment, trade between Fujian and countries and regions along […]]]>

BEIJING, September 19, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — Since its launch by East China Fujian Province In 2018, Silk Road Maritime showed strong momentum of development and resilience, becoming an important link in promoting the “dual circulation” of domestic and international markets.

Despite the constantly changing global economic environment, trade between Fujian and countries and regions along the Belt and Road have reached 412.2 billion yuan (on US$58.93 billion) in the first seven months of 2022, up 19.6% year-on-year. By the end of August this year, a total of 9,014 voyages had been made on sea routes bearing the name Silk Road Maritime, with the total container throughput reaching 10.182 million twenty-foot equivalent units.

Further achievements were seen in the development of the Maritime Silk Road this year, as the 2022 Maritime Silk Road International Cooperation Forum kicked off on September 8. On June 10, the Silk Road Maritime express e-commerce was launched. Earlier in January, a new sea route was opened linking members of the regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership.

By integrating into the new international land-sea trade corridor and the ChinaEurope freight train services, Silk Road Maritime has also supported Fujian in the construction of an overseas navigation channel for the interior provinces. In 2021, the volume of out-of-province bulk cargo handled by from Fujian ports thanks to combined sea-rail transport increased by 21.5% compared to last year. The container volume of combined sea-rail transport in the first half of 2022 saw a year-on-year increase of 44%.

By further encouraging policy coordination with China land and seaports, Silk Road Maritime is committed to helping strengthen the connection between industrial and supply chains by forging closed-loop logistics channels radiating to both domestic and international markets, according to Chen Zhiping, Chairman of Fujian Provincial Port Group Co., Ltd. and Fujian Silk Road Maritime Management Company.

The brand is characterized by integrated cross-industry cooperation, with members of the Silk Road Maritime Alliance each leveraging their strengths. Aiming to boost information sharing between the companies involved, Silk Road Maritime is also providing a global platform for comprehensive shipping services, the first phase of construction of which has been completed.

Original link: https://en.imsilkroad.com/p/330030.html

SOURCE Xinhua Silk Road

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Suzhou Creek cruises will be a “floating living room on the water” http://gurugama.org/suzhou-creek-cruises-will-be-a-floating-living-room-on-the-water/ Sat, 17 Sep 2022 08:33:00 +0000 http://gurugama.org/suzhou-creek-cruises-will-be-a-floating-living-room-on-the-water/ Shot by Jiang Xiaowei. Edited by Jiang Xiaowei. Subtitles by Jiang Xiaowei. One river and one city – Shanghai’s story begins here. The vicissitudes of the city are concentrated in the meanders of the Suzhou Creek, which feeds the people of Shanghai and is a silent witness to its development. On Saturday, cruises were launched […]]]>

Shot by Jiang Xiaowei. Edited by Jiang Xiaowei. Subtitles by Jiang Xiaowei.

One river and one city – Shanghai’s story begins here. The vicissitudes of the city are concentrated in the meanders of the Suzhou Creek, which feeds the people of Shanghai and is a silent witness to its development.

On Saturday, cruises were launched on the creek, known as the city’s mother river, which carries the memory of generations.

With the rudder turned, history flows and Shanghai leaps forward to “a world-class waterfront with global influence”.

Jiang Xiaowei / SHINE

A cruise ship sails Suzhou Creek on Saturday.

The launch of the service marked the opening of the Shanghai Tourism Festival, the city’s annual tourist extravaganza now in its 33rd year.

Suzhou Creek holds a special place in the hearts of Shanghainese people. The region’s silks and ceramics were transported along the Maritime Silk Road during the Tang Dynasty (AD 618-907), and centuries later the region became one of the earliest industrial centers of the city.

Ever since Shanghai was forced to open its port in 1843, the creek has served as the backdrop for spectacular milestones in the city’s history. It was the scene of wartime suffering and the cradle of China’s first national industries.

Its industrial heritage left the creek water murky in the 1980s. Cleanup and redevelopment of its banks have been ongoing projects for years. Riparian areas stretching 42 kilometers along the creek have now become the “backyard garden” of local citizens.

Suzhou Creek cruises will be a

Jiang Xiaowei / SHINE

The captain steers the ship.

The cruise ship, 14.8 meters long and 4 meters wide, has a capacity of 20 passengers. The journey takes about two hours and is currently about 17 kilometers long.

The route will connect eight piers: Waitanyuan (the origin of the Bund), Sihang Warehouse, Changhua Road, Xikang Road, Mengqing Garden, Zhongshan Park, Changfeng Park and Danba Road.

Four of them – Waitanyuan, Sihang Warehouse, Changhua Road and Changfeng Park piers – have been put into trial operation.

The rest will enter service before the end of the year.

Suzhou Creek cruises will be a

Jiang Xiaowei / SHINE

A cruise ship sails on Suzhou Creek.

Safety and pressure tests during the cruise will be conducted depending on the course of the river and hydrological conditions, the Shanghai Culture and Tourism Administration said.

At present, the tour has not been commercialized, as continuous adjustments and improvements will be made based on trial operations, and the cruise tourism products will be launched at the right time, the official said. ‘administration.

Three routes will be launched.

One is designed for group tours and will last one hour, operating between the docks at Changfeng Park and Changhua Road.

One targeting individual tourists will have the same duration and sail from Waitanyuan, Sihang Warehouse and Changhua Road piers.

The last one will be a personalized tours service and will mainly serve customers with leisure and business demand.

The box office has not yet been announced.

Suzhou Creek cruises will be a

Jiang Xiaowei / SHINE

“We plan to create a ‘floating living room on water’ by launching the service,” said Fang Shizhong, director of Shanghai Culture and Tourism Administration.

“The cruises will allow people to enjoy the scenery along the creek and walk around a number of shore attractions,” Fang said.

Based on research since November last year, there are 205 places of cultural and tourist value along the creek, according to the administration.

It is a journey into the past, present and future of the city, allowing people to savor the unique splendor of haipai (Shanghai style).

The route will connect a number of old and new, famous and niche cultural and tourist pearls, as well as historical relics of the city in Huangpu, Jing’an, Changning, Putuo and Hongkou districts.

These include historic buildings, city blocks, industrial remnants and public cultural spaces, according to the administration.

The Sihang Warehouse Battle Memorial, Zhapu Road Bridge, Broadway Mansions, General Post Office Building, Tian An 1000 Trees, M50 Art Center, Shanghai Mint Museum, Fuxin Flour Mill and the former site of the Shanghai Brewery are a few on the list.

The eight batteries have been carefully selected.

People can walk over a bridge at the Danba Road pier and reach a Suzhou Stream Industrial Civilization Exhibition Hall which will open soon.

Suzhou Creek cruises will be a

Jiang Xiaowei / SHINE

The trip presents beautiful landscapes.

“The cruise opens a window for tourists to savor the city’s history and cultural essence,” said Liu Deyan, a tourism researcher and associate professor at Shanghai Normal University.

The hop-on hop-off cruise service will make Suzhou Creek a “world-class tourist destination”, according to a development plan.

When developing Suzhou Creek tourism, cultural and sports elements are injected, and a digital operation and management system will be applied.

The five neighborhoods bordering the stream have unveiled their tourism development master plan based on their cultural and tourism resources.

In Huangpu District, a cultural and artistic landscape, waterfront sports and leisure promenade belts are being created, while Hongkou District is developing places for cultural consumption and nighttime tourism along the stream.

In Jing’an District, a historical and cultural experience zone is being developed and an art-themed tourist zone is taking shape, while Changning District will feature a recreation block combining historical buildings and recreational functions for residents.

The riverside areas of Putuo district will be transformed into a water sports and recreation experience zone for families with children.

Suzhou Creek cruises will be a

Jiang Xiaowei / SHINE

A passenger takes pictures during the ride.

Hu Xiaoli couldn’t hide his excitement at the moment. She was one of the lawmakers who made a joint proposal on resuming the Suzhou Creek cruise at Shanghai’s “two sessions”, the annual sessions for lawmakers and political advisers, last year. She spared no effort to make the dream come true.

The average width of the Suzhou stream is nearly one tenth of the Huangpu River, which is only an obstacle faced by the operation of the cruise.

“The impact on the normal life of residents living nearby should be taken into consideration,” Hu said.

Powered by lithium iron phosphate storage batteries, the vessel produces no pollution or noise. It will be charged at the docks.

Intensive clean-up projects and waterfront redevelopment along Suzhou Stream in recent years have yielded fruitful results.

“Eco-friendly cruise ships vividly demonstrate the development of ecological civilization in metropolitan Shanghai,” Liu said, recalling the creek’s dirty past.

The cruise circuit is an important step in developing tourism along the creek. New vitality will be injected into it, which will spur the upgrading of nearby commercial facilities and blocks, making it an alluring Shanghai attraction.

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WorldCargo News – News – Inauguration of the new multi-purpose port in Saudi Arabia http://gurugama.org/worldcargo-news-news-inauguration-of-the-new-multi-purpose-port-in-saudi-arabia/ Thu, 15 Sep 2022 15:55:57 +0000 http://gurugama.org/worldcargo-news-news-inauguration-of-the-new-multi-purpose-port-in-saudi-arabia/ Andy Tsoi (second from left), Managing Director of Hutchison Ports for the Middle East and Africa, and the Royal Commission in Jubail and Yanbu. In early 2021, Hutchison Ports signed an agreement to invest in and operate the JCPDI port, located on the Red Sea in the southwestern corner of Saudi Arabia, bordering Yemen. On […]]]>

Andy Tsoi (second from left), Managing Director of Hutchison Ports for the Middle East and Africa, and the Royal Commission in Jubail and Yanbu.

In early 2021, Hutchison Ports signed an agreement to invest in and operate the JCPDI port, located on the Red Sea in the southwestern corner of Saudi Arabia, bordering Yemen.

On September 7, 2022, His Royal Highness Prince Mohammed bin Nasser bin Abdulaziz, Governor of Jazan Region, officially inaugurated the JCPDI port in the presence of His Royal Highness Prince Mohammed bin Abdulaziz, Deputy Governor, and the Minister of ‘Industry and Mineral Resources. , the Minister of Investment as well as other senior government and private sector officials.

The new port city is supported by a number of partnerships and agreements, including the establishment of the Saudi Silk Road Company to attract Chinese industrial investment to the Kingdom, the port concession with Hutchison Ports, as well as the agreement to establish an alumina refinery with “Hangzhou Jinjiang” with an estimated investment capital of SAR 4 billion. His Excellency the Chairman of the Royal Commission for Jubail and Yanbu, Eng. Khalid Al-Salem added that existing investments in JCPDI total around SAR 88 billion, although the city is still under construction. Other agreements that have been signed recently cover a pasta factory, a coffee company and “another memorandum of understanding between the Ministry of Investment and Hutchison Ports Jazan”.

In its first phase, JCPDI consists of three industrial berths, an SPM (Single Point Mooring for the discharge of liquid cargoes) which provides services to the Saudi Aramco refinery, three commercial berths for the handling of containers, general cargo and bulk goods, as well as a container park with refrigerated points. OWith a water depth of 16.5m, the port can accommodate container ships up to 21,000 TEUs and accommodate general and bulk cargo vessels with a capacity of over 100,000 tonnes per vessel.

In terms of equipment, Charlie Darazi, managing director of Hutchison Ports Jazan, said the port will be equipped with “the latest remote-controlled cranes, state-of-the-art systems for bulk and container operations that will provide better visibility for its customers. and allow them to conduct all transactions electronically”. The first delivery of equipment in February included two Liebherr LHM 550 mobile harbor cranes, five RTGs, four hoppers and two bulk cargo grabs.

Eric Ip, Group Managing Director of Hutchison Ports, said: “We have been in Saudi Arabia for 22 years and it is a very important market for Hutchison Ports. Today’s ceremony marks a new chapter for us in the Kingdom and we look forward to working closely with the Royal Commission to make Hutchison Ports Jazan a success and help JCPDI reach its full potential and contribute to the Saudi Vision 2030.”

Andy Tsoi, Hutchison Ports Managing Director for the Middle East and Africa, added that from a strategic point of view, JCPDI is at the crossroads of the busy East-West trade route and North-South trade in rapid growth. “JCPDI also has the potential to be the Kingdom’s first port of call from East Asia. Therefore, given the talented local human capital and the continued support of development policies, the port is very well positioned for the future of the Kingdom’s maritime industry,” concluded Hutchison Ports.

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A success or a failure? http://gurugama.org/a-success-or-a-failure/ Mon, 12 Sep 2022 20:00:26 +0000 http://gurugama.org/a-success-or-a-failure/ The recent economic upheaval followed by political unrest in Sri Lanka has once again placed China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) at the center of the debate over whether it is beneficial or insensitive to participating countries in addition to be a success or a failure. Chinese President Xi Jinping launched the BRI with great […]]]>

The recent economic upheaval followed by political unrest in Sri Lanka has once again placed China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) at the center of the debate over whether it is beneficial or insensitive to participating countries in addition to be a success or a failure.

Chinese President Xi Jinping launched the BRI with great fanfare with grand promises and grand plans for participating countries in 2013. It was considered a centerpiece of Chinese foreign and trade policy.

Basically, BRI, also known as One Belt One Road or OBOR for short, is a global infrastructure development strategy for investing in nearly 150 countries and international organizations, across the globe.

The BRI has formed a central part of Xi’s “big country diplomacy” strategy, which calls for China to assume a greater leadership role in global affairs in accordance with its rising power and status. As of August, 149 countries were listed as having joined the BRI.

Xi originally announced the strategy as the “Silk Road Economic Belt” during an official visit to Kazakhstan in September 2013, referring to proposed land routes for road and rail transport through Central Asia. landlocked along the famous historic trade routes of the western regions; in addition to the “21st Century Maritime Silk Road“, referring to the Indo-Pacific sea routes through Southeast Asia to South Asia, the Middle East and Africa.

In fact, the BRI was also seen as a grand scheme to challenge US hegemony over trade and global diplomacy. However, recent events in Sri Lanka, with similar echoes heard from Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan, have led some Chinese observers to conclude that this is an indicator of the blow the Chinese economy has suffered during the Covid pandemic and the BRI seems to be being reassessed with recipient countries wary of the debt trap and its economic feasibility.

Let’s take a closer look at the original intent of the BRI, its expansion and its long and short term impacts on aid recipient countries and whether it was a success or failure and how the United States could have counter it much better. way.

In his 2020 report, Rafiq Dossani, director of the RAND Center for Asia Pacific Policy, opined that China’s main motive behind the BRI was its long-term economic security. BRI shipping routes would have helped China’s relatively underdeveloped and landlocked regions such as Yunnan and Xinjiang provinces by connecting them to ports in faster growing parts of Asia. At the same time, the BRI’s emerging overland routes have been branded as an alternative to the South China Sea, through which most Chinese trade currently passes and which is becoming an area of ​​contention between the United States and China. .

Dossani, further explaining the reasons for the initial hosting of the BRI, said that traditionally many countries prefer to work with the World Bank and other multilateral lenders, who provide borrowers with good practices, while making available significant funding on a meritocratic rather than political basis. But, he adds, from the perspective of a developing country, access to available global capital is difficult because of the risk involved in many such investments.

The Asian Development Bank estimates that Asian countries face an infrastructure investment gap of $459 billion a year. This logic also explains the sentiments that, in the early stages of the BRI’s launch, seemed to be the main reason for attracting BRI projects and Chinese financing. But nine years after its launch, the BRI seems to have lost its luster, due to the economic collapse of several countries, which have borrowed heavily from China under the guise of infrastructure development, progress and prosperity.

Bangladesh’s finance minister, AHM Mustafa Kamal, has publicly blamed economically unviable Chinese BRI projects for exacerbating the economic crisis in Sri Lanka. He says developing countries should think twice before taking out more loans through the BIS as global inflation and slowing growth add to strains in indebted emerging markets.

In fact, Bangladesh has made it clear that it will no longer accept loans, only grants from Beijing. Nepal also took the same position. Pakistan, with some $53 billion spent by Beijing under the BRI umbrella, is also experiencing the same fate. China has also invested some $44 billion in Indonesia, $41 billion in Singapore, $39 billion in Russia, $33 billion in Saudi Arabia and $30 billion in Malaysia. The cry against China’s BRI is not just confined to the Indian subcontinent, as its repercussions can also be heard in Kenya’s $4.7 billion railway project. Five years after its launch, the project ends abruptly in an empty field, 200 miles from its destination in Uganda.

As the conflicts between the United States and China seem to be intensifying, some experts have questioned the intentions of the Chinese BRI. It has been seen as a debt trap for poor states and a way for China to expand its territorial control, but is it a reality? Is the United States missing an opportunity to participate or initiate parallel activities?

The BIS has repeatedly been called a debt trap and a power grab, and perhaps that seemed like a possible scenario. However, this concept has been debunked by recent research. Deborah Brautigam, director of the China Africa Research Initiative at Johns Hopkins University, found no evidence that Chinese banks over-lend or invest in loss-making projects to get a foothold in these countries, in one of her studies. on Chinese loans to Africa.

There is further evidence that China is not engaging in debt-trap diplomacy. Brautigam noted that in some countries the IMF has been labeled as vulnerable. Moreover, Chinese lending was not responsible for pushing indebted countries beyond IMF debt sustainability limits. In addition, it should be noted that not only poor countries, but also countries in East Asia and Europe have also been hit by the BRI. More than 18 European Union countries have joined the BRI.

In fact, rather than decrying China, the United States should engage in infrastructure lending to poor countries and/or facilitate lending for such projects by multilateral banks, thereby reducing bureaucratic requirements. It should also initiate similar activities in underdeveloped or developing countries.

To improve its image, China should improve transparency around the BRI agreements. The World Bank and other bodies have also called for increased transparency. This would go a long way in improving the understanding of the United States and other countries

Chinese intentions regarding the BRI. (IANS)

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Controlling Southeast Asia – China’s Cambodian Dream Is Nothing But A Trap Of Asian Debt And Security Concerns http://gurugama.org/controlling-southeast-asia-chinas-cambodian-dream-is-nothing-but-a-trap-of-asian-debt-and-security-concerns/ Fri, 09 Sep 2022 03:19:26 +0000 http://gurugama.org/controlling-southeast-asia-chinas-cambodian-dream-is-nothing-but-a-trap-of-asian-debt-and-security-concerns/ It is not news that China is trying to establish control and authority over world politics. It has gone to great lengths to develop and satisfy its hegemonic interests in Southeast Asia. China’s Cambodian dream is a new link in the chain, a process of setting up outposts to control Southeast Asia. China’s upcoming naval […]]]>

It is not news that China is trying to establish control and authority over world politics. It has gone to great lengths to develop and satisfy its hegemonic interests in Southeast Asia.

China’s Cambodian dream is a new link in the chain, a process of setting up outposts to control Southeast Asia. China’s upcoming naval base in Cambodia is an example of such an outpost.

The main factors behind China’s choice of Cambodia are the political context of good relations with the undemocratic Hun Sen regime in Cambodia, the economic context of being a country where Chinese investments are concentrated and where many Chinese companies/corporations have established operations, and the historical context of having unresolved land border demarcation issues with Vietnam, which is a Chinese rival in conflict over the South China Sea.

Stagnant Cambodia-US relations have also contributed to Chinese focus on influence. Relations between Cambodia and the United States were affected by the unilateral cancellation of the January 2017 joint military exercise “Angkor Sentinel” in Cambodia, followed by the dissolution of the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) in late 2017. The United States has criticized the limitation of democracy, passed the Cambodia Democracy Act and imposed sanctions on Cambodian officials and businessmen.

Tensions also exist in Cambodia-Vietnam relations regarding the unfinished demarcation of their land border, ethnic Vietnamese immigrants in Cambodia, and social perception of Vietnam’s role in Cambodia’s liberation from the Khmer Rouge. Consequently, China has sought to bolster Cambodia’s military might for its “offshore balancing” approach to “proxy warfare” instead of directly deploying or engaging the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) or its navy (PLAN) in Cambodia.

I imagine this will strategically affect Beijing to prevent Hanoi from concentrating its strategic resources in the South China Sea. Also, in 2022, Cambodia will hold the presidency of ASEAN.

File Picture

Cambodia – China Proxy

During its last ASEAN presidency in 2012, Cambodia was branded a “proxy of China” due to its blatant pro-China stance. Beijing wants to divide ASEAN and sabotage its unity.

The establishment of a naval base in Cambodia also poses a significant security risk to South Asian countries. The modernization and expansion of Ream Naval Base will enable the Royal Cambodian Navy (RCN) to operate anti-ship and air defense missile carrier vessels such as China’s Type 22 (Houbei-class) missile boats ), Type 056 corvettes and Type 054A frigates. , unlike the current capabilities of the RCN which is only able to operate patrol boats without anti-ship missiles.

A secret agreement between Cambodia and the PRC probably exists and allows China to use certain facilities for military purposes; there will be regular stationings and stopovers of Chinese Navy ships, especially the Second Navy: Chinese Coast Guard Patrol Vessels, and the Third Navy: Maritime Militia Fishing Vessels. This would add a vital supply base for China, which is keen to prevent foreign economic activity within the “nine-dash line”, which is conveniently expanded and used by China without any clear definition. In this context, it is possible that Beijing will try to extend the “nine-dash line” as far west as the Gulf of Thailand.

The biggest problem, however, is that many large-scale infrastructure development projects are undertaken in Cambodia by the Chinese. For example, the Dara Sakor International Airport project (3,900 meter runway) of the Chinese group Union Development, and a 15 meter deep water port is under construction in Kampot; the port would allow Chinese aircraft carriers as well as Type 075 amphibious assault ships, Type 072A landing craft and fleet supply ships to navigate. It could help expand the scope of Chinese naval activities in the South China Sea and beyond.

China makes inroads

I think these developments will affect Vietnam the most, which is at odds with China over the South China Sea. In response to the reinforcement of the Cambodian navy, it will be essential for the Vietnamese navy to reinforce its forces within the fifth regional command, which has its headquarters on the island of Phu Quoc, near Cambodia.

It is pointed out that the Vietnamese maritime militia in the region is already being strengthened. If the Cambodian Navy is equipped with an operational capability of anti-ship missiles, it forces the Vietnamese side to expand its naval forces. It is possible that a regional naval arms race will be triggered.

China’s long-term interest is to promote the concept of the “Maritime Silk Road” to secure access to the Gulf of Thailand and project its power to the Indian Ocean through the Isthmus of Kula.

This has the geopolitical significance of securing alternative infrastructure in the Malacca-Singapore Strait for China, which wants to resolve the so-called “Malacca dilemma”, given its heavy reliance on crude oil imports (72% in 2021 ) and the fact that more than 65% of imported crude oil comes from countries in the Middle East and Africa via the Strait of Malacca-Singapore.

Even if fossil fuel imports from Russia increase after Russia’s large-scale invasion of Ukraine, China will need to continue increasing its crude oil imports from Middle Eastern and African countries to meet to its strong domestic demand.

Thus, in the long term, China’s interest in the Gulf of Thailand will increase, and China’s unilateral and assertive actions will increase not only in the Paracel Islands, Spratly Islands and Natuna Islands, but also in the Gulf of Thailand. Thailand.

China’s influence in ASEAN will be further enhanced with the approach of “money rule” and “gun rule” instead of “rule of law”. Thus, “like-minded” countries will not be able to counter this massive tsunami-like Chinese influence unless they collectively coordinate and manage their available assets, resources and funds.

In addition to security threats, it poses a huge economic threat to ASEAN countries. China’s influence on trade and FDI will increase decisively among some ASEAN countries.

China’s second proxy “Cambodia” may become a military power in the future due to its strategic calculus to attract Chinese trade, investment and technological support. This, however, would add to the confusion within ASEAN, which is unable to even come up with a unified policy on the South China Sea issue.

China is Cambodia’s main source of imports, accounting for 31% of total imports in 2020. On the other hand, the United States is Cambodia’s main source of exports, accounting for 25.2% of all exports the same year.

The deterioration of Cambodia’s relations with the United States, new economic sanctions and export restrictions by Washington will lead to the collapse of the Cambodian economy. This, in turn, further strengthens Chinese investors’ control over Cambodia’s resources.

Under the pretext of securing Chinese investments, more and more bases will be set up in Cambodia to further fuel tensions in the South China Sea and crush the sovereignty of ASEAN countries. It will turn Cambodia into a mercenary of China, a design meticulously carved out for Cambodia by China.

  • By Dr. Takashi Hosoda, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences. Hosoda is a Japanese international political scientist and specialist in security studies in the Czech Republic. His research focuses on China’s “multi-domain military-civilian fusion” warfare, Japanese-European maritime security/space security cooperation, Indo-Pacific theater security observation, including the East China Sea/South China Sea, as well as the possible Taiwan contingency.
  • Personal views
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Jointly Upholding Genuine Multilateralism and Starting a New Path of Maritime Governance — Remarks by HE Wang Yi, State Councilor and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China, at the opening ceremony of “UNCLOS at 40 : Retrospect and Prospect » http://gurugama.org/jointly-upholding-genuine-multilateralism-and-starting-a-new-path-of-maritime-governance-remarks-by-he-wang-yi-state-councilor-and-minister-of-foreign-affairs-of-the-peoples-republic-of-china-at/ Sat, 03 Sep 2022 03:25:00 +0000 http://gurugama.org/jointly-upholding-genuine-multilateralism-and-starting-a-new-path-of-maritime-governance-remarks-by-he-wang-yi-state-councilor-and-minister-of-foreign-affairs-of-the-peoples-republic-of-china-at/ The Honorable Assistant Secretary General Miguel de Serpa Soares, Distinguished Guests, Friends, It is a pleasure to meet you all via video link to mark the 40th anniversary of the opening for signature of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). Adopted in 1982, UNCLOS opened a new chapter in global […]]]>

The Honorable Assistant Secretary General Miguel de Serpa Soares,

Distinguished Guests,

Friends,

It is a pleasure to meet you all via video link to mark the 40th anniversary of the opening for signature of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). Adopted in 1982, UNCLOS opened a new chapter in global maritime governance and greatly assisted humanity in better understanding, protecting and using the sea.

Friends,

As an extensive legal instrument on maritime affairs, UNCLOS, along with other international treaties and customary international law, constitute the main pillars of the global maritime order in modern times. A review of its conclusion process, objectives and application gives us three main inspirations for addressing today’s global maritime issues.

First, it is important to defend multilateralism. UNCLOS was concluded by more than 160 countries, including China, in nine years of tireless efforts of equal consultation and mutual accommodation from 1973 to 1982. It made a set of arrangements to meet the common interests of mankind as well as the concerns of various kinds of countries, and has therefore been widely accepted by the international community. The Convention grants coastal states sovereign rights and jurisdiction in their exclusive economic zones while protecting the legal freedoms of navigation and overflight of other states in those areas. It provides multiple means for the peaceful settlement of maritime disputes, with full respect for States Parties’ own choices of peaceful means. It has also established three major regimes, the International Seabed Authority (ISA), the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf and the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, which are useful multilateral platforms for discussion and settlement. maritime issues. . All of this is the result of successful multilateral diplomacy and the important results of multilateralism.

Second, it is important to promote fairness and justice. China and other developing countries are committed to revising outdated maritime rules and upholding the legitimate rights and interests of everyone, especially medium and small countries, and have made good progress in these efforts. In its preamble, UNCLOS stresses the imperative of achieving “a just and equitable international economic order which takes into account the interests and needs of humanity as a whole”. It has established management mechanisms and decision-making procedures regarding the international seabed. This has consolidated, through legal means, the principle of the common heritage of mankind, thus providing an institutional framework to ensure the effective participation of developing countries in matters related to the international seabed. Facts have proven that UNCLOS has contributed to opposing maritime hegemony, protecting maritime interests and promoting maritime cooperation.

Third, it’s important to stay open-minded and move forward. UNCLOS affirms that “matters not regulated by this Convention shall continue to be governed by the rules and principles of general international law”. It also mentions several times that measures must be taken “through competent international organizations” and in accordance with “generally accepted international rules”. This shows that UNCLOS respects other sea-related organizations and international rules. Following the adoption of the Convention, two agreements, one on the international seabed and the other on fish stocks, were concluded. Negotiations on an international agreement on marine biodiversity are now well under way. All of this shows that UNCLOS is not isolated or isolated, but rather inclusive and scalable. It must evolve with the times to better adapt to international maritime practices.

Friends,

As a major maritime developing country, China seeks to balance its legitimate rights and interests with the overall interests of the international community, and always stands with other developing countries. We participated in the entire UNCLOS negotiation process and were among the first countries to sign the Convention. China always honors the spirit of UNCLOS, strictly fulfills its obligations and fully supports the work of the Convention’s three main institutions. It actively pursues international maritime cooperation and strives to assist other developing countries in building their maritime capabilities. China firmly upholds the integrity and authority of UNCLOS and opposes attempts to abuse the Convention’s dispute settlement procedures. China always believes that maritime disputes should be settled by the parties directly concerned through friendly consultation based on respect for historical facts and international laws, including UNCLOS.

Friends,

As we speak, the world is facing once-in-a-century changes that are moving faster and the international maritime order is undergoing profound adjustments. At this new historic starting point, we must firmly safeguard the international system centered on the United Nations and the international order based on international law. We must continue to embrace the spirit of multilateralism in UNCLOS, promote the development of international maritime law, including the Convention, and build a fair and just international maritime order, as part of our collective efforts to usher in a new voyage of maritime governance.

We must act as a community of destiny to promote the sustainable development of the sea. We must pursue the Convention’s objective of “promoting the economic and social progress of all peoples of the world” and act on the Global Development Initiative proposed by President Xi Jinping. We must deepen practical maritime cooperation, develop blue partnerships, build a high-quality 21st century maritime silk road, and achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. We must harness the development potential of the sea and make it a sustainable engine for the sustainable development of all countries.

We must defend dialogue and consultation to maintain the peace and tranquility of the sea. The Global Security Initiative proposed by President Xi Jinping provides China’s solutions to global security challenges. We must remain true to the founding aspirations of the Convention to maintain “peace, justice and progress for all the peoples of the world”, make coordinated efforts to safeguard traditional and non-traditional maritime security issues, always settle maritime disputes by peaceful means and jointly address challenges such as piracy and armed robbery against ships. We must defend “freedom of navigation” and oppose “freedom of will”. We should advocate dialogue and consultation, and say no to swordplay. All parties must bear in mind that humanity is an indivisible security community, and all must work together to safeguard maritime peace and world tranquility.

We must promote international cooperation to preserve the ecological environment of the sea. We must pursue the objective of the Convention to achieve< la protection et la préservation du milieu marin >>, act according to the philosophy of green development, fulfill the environmental protection obligations under the Convention and advance global cooperation to protect the marine environment. We must prioritize science and technology, take seriously the impact of land-based activities and climate change on the marine environment, and do more to address both the symptoms and the root causes. We must strike a balance between conservation and wise use, and work together to leave clean oceans and blue skies for our future generations.

We must uphold the international rule of law to improve global maritime governance. The Agreement must be interpreted and applied fully, accurately and in good faith. Any attempt to use UNCLOS as a tool to suppress or smear other countries must be rejected. We must improve dispute resolution mechanisms, respect the voluntary choice of the States parties concerned and oppose the inappropriate expansion or abuse of power by judicial bodies. The UN, ISA and the International Maritime Organization should work in coordination to study emerging maritime issues and develop and improve fair and reasonable international maritime rules that can stand the test of history and reality.

Friends,

The sea is the common home of humanity, and its protection and sustainable use is the responsibility of all of us. In sea travel, the most crucial job is to keep the right direction. China stands ready to work with all parties to uphold the goals of UNCLOS, realize its aspirations and strive for better global maritime governance and greater maritime well-being of mankind.

In conclusion, I wish this conference every success. Thanks!

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On Screen – Global Times http://gurugama.org/on-screen-global-times/ Thu, 01 Sep 2022 11:32:00 +0000 http://gurugama.org/on-screen-global-times/ Promotional material for The Mystery of China Photo: Courtesy of Youku Highlights from the new cultural reality show ‘The mystery of China‘ From the ruins of Sanxingdui, one of the greatest discoveries of the ancient Shu culture, to the wreck of the Nanhai No. 1 of the Song Dynasty (960-1279), a landmark discovery […]]]>

Promotional material for The Mystery of China Photo: Courtesy of Youku

Highlights from the new cultural reality show ‘The mystery of China

From the ruins of Sanxingdui, one of the greatest discoveries of the ancient Shu culture, to the wreck of the Nanhai No. 1 of the Song Dynasty (960-1279), a landmark discovery for Chinese underwater archeology, many discoveries tell us more about China. past and the history of mankind. Now a new cultural reality show, The mystery of Chinajust aired on Chinese streaming site Youku and Henan TV to tell the stories of six of these cultural treasures, starting Friday.

Featuring Chen Kun and Xu Danrui as guests, the show will not only visit archaeological sites and find interesting stories hidden in museums, but also pose questions to cultural scholars and archaeologists to help the audience understand better understand these cultural treasures. .

According to Li Bing, the show’s producer, “who we are” and “where do we come from” are key questions on the road to “finding our cultural genes.”

“We hope to record the glorious moments of our more than 5,000-year-long history. This is our intention behind the show,” Li said.

The show visited some of China’s best-known cultural sites like the Mogao Grottoes and Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum, approaching them from different angles.

How to present these cultural sites in the best possible way was something that challenged the production team.

“Chinese history is so long that if we follow the chronological order, we should start with the Xia (c.2070 BC-c.1600BC), Shang (c.1600BC-1046BC) and Zhou (1046BC-256BC) dynasties or even earlier,” Li told the Global Times, “which is impossible.”

Integrating traditional Chinese animation with storytelling, it provides a complete audio and visual upgrade.

Among the stories the show is about to uncover, the story of the sinking of the Nanhai No.1 is probably the most fascinating. According to archaeologists, the ship was originally built in the Song Dynasty. Now housed in the Guangdong Maritime Silk Road Museum, it contained many porcelains, metalwork and copper coins, making it a valuable resource for studying the Maritime Silk Road.

world times

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China’s Cambodian dream, a debt trap and security concerns http://gurugama.org/chinas-cambodian-dream-a-debt-trap-and-security-concerns/ Tue, 30 Aug 2022 17:26:00 +0000 http://gurugama.org/chinas-cambodian-dream-a-debt-trap-and-security-concerns/ Wednesday, August 31, 2022, 5:26 a.m.Review: Takashi Hosoda By Dr. Takashi HOSODA, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences It is not new that China has attempted to establish control and authority over global politics and has gone to great lengths to establish and satisfy its hegemonic interests in Southeast Asia. China’s Cambodian dream […]]]>

By Dr. Takashi HOSODA, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences

It is not new that China has attempted to establish control and authority over global politics and has gone to great lengths to establish and satisfy its hegemonic interests in Southeast Asia. China’s Cambodian dream is a new link in the chain, a process of setting up outposts to control Southeast Asia. China’s upcoming naval base in Cambodia is an example of such outposts.

The key factors behind China’s choice of Cambodia are the political context of good relations with the undemocratic Hun Sen regime in Cambodia, the economic context of being a country where Chinese investments are concentrated and where many businesses/companies Chinese established operations, and the historical background of having unresolved land border demarcation issues with Vietnam, which is a Chinese rival in conflict over the South China Sea.

The stagnation of relations between Cambodia and the United States has also contributed to the Chinese concentration of its influence. Cambodia-U.S. relations were affected by Cambodia’s unilateral cancellation of the January 2017 “Angkor Sentinel” joint military exercise, followed by the disbanding of the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) at the end of 2017. The United States criticized the limitation of democracy, passed the Cambodia Democracy Act and imposed sanctions on Cambodian officials and businessmen.

Tensions also exist in Cambodia-Vietnam relations over the unfinished demarcation of their land border, ethnic Vietnamese immigrants in Cambodia, and social perception of Vietnam’s role in Cambodia’s liberation from the Khmer Rouge. Consequently, China sought to build Cambodia’s military might for its “offshore balancing” approach to “proxy warfare” instead of directly deploying or engaging the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) or its navy (PLAN) in Cambodia. I imagine this will have the strategic effect for Beijing of preventing Hanoi from concentrating its strategic resources in the South China Sea. Also, in 2022, Cambodia holds the presidency of ASEAN. During its last ASEAN presidency in 2012, Cambodia was called a “China proxy” due to its blatant pro-China stance. It is clear that Beijing wants to divide ASEAN and sabotage its unity.

The establishment of a naval base in Cambodia also poses a great security risk for South Asian countries. As part of the modernization and expansion of the Ream Naval Base, the Royal Cambodian Navy (RCN) will be able to operate vessels carrying anti-ship missiles and air defense such as the Chinese Type 22 missile boats (Houbei class), Type 056 and Type 054A corvettes. frigates, unlike the current capabilities of the RCN which only has the ability to operate patrol boats without anti-ship missiles.

A secret agreement between Cambodia and the PRC probably exists and allows China to use certain facilities for military purposes, there will be frequent parking and stopovers of Chinese navy ships, especially the second navy: guard patrol boats – Chinese Coasts and the Third Navy: Maritime Militia Fishing Vessels. This would add a significant supply base for China, which is keen to prevent foreign economic activity inside the “nine-dash line”, which is conveniently expanded and used by China without any clear specific definition. . In this context, it is possible that Beijing will try to extend the “nine-dash line” as far west as the Gulf of Thailand.

The biggest problem, however, is that there are many large-scale infrastructure development projects undertaken in Cambodia by Chinese. For example, the Dara Sakor International Airport project (3,900 m runway) of the Chinese Union Development Group, and a 15 m deep water port is being built in Kampot, the port would allow Chinese aircraft carriers as well as Type 075, Type 072A amphibious assault ships of landing ships and fleet supply ships to navigate. This could help expand the scope of Chinese naval activities in the South China Sea and beyond.

I think Vietnam, which is at odds with China over the South China Sea issue, will be most affected by these developments. In response to the reinforcement of the Cambodian navy, it will be essential for the Vietnamese navy to strengthen its forces within the fifth regional command, which has its headquarters on the island of Phu Quoc near Cambodia. It is pointed out that the Vietnamese maritime militia in the region is already reinforced, but if the Cambodian navy is equipped with an operational anti-ship missile capability, it will force the Vietnamese side to expand its naval forces, and it is possible that a regional navy the naval arms race will be triggered.

Among China’s long-term interests is promoting the concept of a “maritime silk road” to secure access to the Gulf of Thailand and project its power to the Indian Ocean across the Isthmus of Kula. This has the geopolitical significance of securing alternative infrastructure in the Strait of Malacca-Singapore for China, which wants to solve the so-called “Malacca dilemma”, given its heavy reliance on crude oil imports (72% in 2021) and the fact that more than 65% of imported crude oil comes from countries in the Middle East and Africa via the Strait of Malacca-Singapore. Even if fossil fuel imports from Russia increase after Russia’s large-scale invasion of Ukraine, China will need to continue increasing its crude oil imports from Middle Eastern and African countries to meet to its strong domestic demand. Thus, in the long term, China’s interest in the Gulf of Thailand will increase, and China’s unilateral and assertive actions will increase not only in the Paracel Islands, Spratly Islands and Natuna Islands, but also in the Gulf of Thailand. Thailand.

China’s influence in ASEAN will be further enhanced with the approach of “money rule” and “gun rule” instead of “rule of law”. Thus, “like-minded” countries will not be able to counter this massive tsunami-like Chinese influence unless they collectively coordinate and manage their available assets, resources and funds.

In addition to security threats, it poses a great economic threat to ASEAN countries. China’s trade and FDI influence will increase decisively among some ASEAN countries and the second “Cambodia”, like China, may become a military power in the future due to their strategic calculation to attract China’s trade, investment and technological support. This, however, would add to the confusion within ASEAN, which even now is unable to come up with a unified policy on the South China Sea issue.

China is Cambodia’s main source of imports, accounting for 31% of total imports in 2020. On the other hand, the United States is Cambodia’s main source of exports, accounting for 25.2% of all exports the same year. Cambodia’s deteriorating relationship with the United States, new economic sanctions and export restrictions imposed by Washington will lead to the collapse of Cambodia’s economy, further tightening Chinese investors’ control over Cambodia’s resources. and under the pretext of further securing Chinese investments. and more bases will be erected in Cambodia to further fuel tensions in the South China Sea and crush the sovereignty of ASEAN countries. It will turn Cambodia into a mercenary of China, a design meticulously carved out for Cambodia by China.

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