Nepal recently got its 17th national hero. Know them all here – OnlineKhabar French News
In the history of Nepal, many people have made extraordinary contributions to the nation building process that people will remember forever. To such personalities, the nation grants the title of “rashtriya bibhuti” or “national hero”. National heroes have recently come into the limelight with the government announcing Bhakti Thapa as Nepal’s 17th National Hero.
The first announcement regarding the national heroes of Nepal was made by a commission headed by the famous writer Bal Krishna Sama in 1955. Sama was appointed by the then king Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev. The commission in 1955 enlisted the first 13 people named below while four more have been added in the past 25 years.
Here are some key things you need to know about 17 people who made it to Nepal’s National Heroes List.
Gautam Buddha or Siddhartha Gautam was born in Lumbini, Nepal in 563 BC. He became known as (Lord) Buddha after attaining enlightenment after years of meditation under a Bodhi tree. Lord Buddha is also believed to be the founder of Buddhism.
He went to preach four noble truths and eight paths to his disciples. He taught people the importance of non-violence, tolerance, compassion, love, kindness and good behavior. This is also the reason why it is called the light of Asia. His birthplace is now famous around the world and has been developed as a popular place of pilgrimage for the faithful.
Anshubarma was the king of Nepal during the Lichchhavi period. He helped start the revolution in art, architecture and literature and made tremendous efforts to strengthen bilateral Nepal-India relations.
He is very famous for his book Shabda Vidya and known to be an extremely scholar and clairvoyant king. Anshubarma is also famous for building the architecturally excellent Kailashkut Palace, which he is said to have built immediately after his coronation in 598 BC.
Janak was a king of Videha in the Mithila region of Nepal. He was the adoptive father of Sita, another national hero of Nepal. King Janak is known as an ideal king and celebrated even today as a great philosopher of late Vedic literature with creations like Satapatha Brahmana and Brihadaranyaka Upanishad.
Under his rule, his kingdom became the dominant political and cultural center of the Indian subcontinent. He is also called a diplomatic king who married his daughter for political stability. Janak is also credited for Mithila art which was commissioned during Ram-Sita wedding processions.
Sita or Janaki is known as the goddess of sacrifice and purity. Hindu devotees worship her as Janaki Mata or the goddess Janaki. She is also symbolized as the character of an ideal woman.
She is also the daughter of King Janak and the wife of Lord Ram. She was reportedly found by King Janak while he was plowing the field and raised as his adopted daughter. Sita is usually portrayed and worshiped with Lord Ram. But she is remembered and given a crucial role in building a marital relationship with India.
Araniko was one of Nepal’s most famous artists who was born in Kathmandu. Along with the 13th-century Emperor Kublai Khan, Araniko helped spread pagoda-style architectural designs. He built many stupas and buildings, which is why the Chinese Emperor took an interest in his works.
Among the many buildings he built, the white stupa of the Miaoying temple (Beijing, China) is his most famous architecture. Araniko is said to have completed three stupas, nine large Buddhist temples, two Confucian shrines, a Taoist temple and countless other works of art.
6. Ram Shah
Ram Shah is known to be one of the greatest rulers in Gorkha. His reign was famous for his ability to bring equality and justice to people. He is the reason why the saying “Nyaya napae Gorkha janu” (if you are deprived of justice elsewhere, go to Gorkha) is popular to this day.
Ram Shah also introduced measurement markers like mana, pathi, dhak, taraju, etc. which are still the measurement standards used in Nepal. He also introduced penal codes and titles such as kaji, sardar and khardar. His great contributions make him one of the national heroes of Nepal.
7. Amar Singh Thapa
Amar Singh Thapa was the bada kaji (military general) during the Anglo-Nepalese war. He has spent most of his life fighting for the freedom of this country. He was a brave soldier who is considered one of Nepal’s national heroes and an inspiration to many who wish to enlist in the military.
Amar Singh Thapa skillfully fought the East India Company and defended western Nepal as the supreme commander of the western fronts. He is also known as the living lion of Nepal.
8. Prithvi Narayan Shah
He was the most famous king of Nepal, also the king who unified modern Nepal. He was the first king of the united Nepal as he is today. It was he who recognized the threat from the British and tried to maintain peaceful but distant relations with them.
This national hero closed the Nepalese border and refused to trade with them. His unification campaign was also the reason Nepal was able to defend itself against the British.
9. Bhanu Bhakta Acharya
Aadi Kavi Bhanu Bhakta Acharya was one of Nepal’s most famous poets. He was born in 1814, in Tanahu. He was the first person to write many Nepalese language poetry books, this is also the reason why his name is Aadi Kavi or the first poet.
Bhanu Bhakta is the one who translated the epic Ramayana and made it accessible to the general public. He helped unify the country in terms of language and culture and standardized the writing of literature in Nepali.
10. Bhimsen Thapa
Bhimsen Thapa is one of the popular leaders of Nepal who ruled the country during the Anglo-Nepalese War and played a very important role in the defense of Nepal. He was a smart diplomat who modernized the Nepalese army and developed Nepal’s commerce and abolished many bad social practices.
Bhimsem Thapa also brought several socio-economic reforms to the country. He also tried to group South Asia against British imperialism. He is also credited for the first Dharahara.
11. Balabhadra Kunwar
He was a Nepalese commander during the Anglo-Nepalese War and administrator of Nepal. He was a great warrior known for the extraordinary bravery and courage he displayed in the British assault on Fort Nalapani.
This feat of bravery shocked the British and it won the respect of the enemies. He is one of the reasons why Gorkhalis (Gurkha soldiers) are very famous all over the world. During the siege of Dehradun, Bala Bhadra Kunwar held out for several months, even without water.
12. King Tribhuvan Shah
King Tribhuvan was one of the greatest kings of modern Nepal. He was born on June 30, 1906 in the capital Kathmandu. He became king, but only as a ceremonial king, at the age of five.
He played a vital role in the overthrow of the Rana regime and freed the people of Nepal from their oppressive rule. In February 1951, after a series of events, he declared the end of Rana’s reign and became the monarch of Nepal.
13. Motiram Bhatta
Yuwa Kabi (young poet) Motiram Bhatta was born in 1923 in Kathmandu. It was he who collected the works of Bhanu Bhakta Acharya and published them, making Bhanu Bhakta famous after his death. It is said that once Motiram Bhatta attended a wedding ceremony where he heard Bhanu Bhakta Acharya recite a poem.
After that, he went to collect his works and publish them to the world. He also wrote a biography of Bhanu Bhakta. His literary contributions make him one of the national heroes of Nepal.
14. Shankhadhar Sankhwa
Shankhadhar Sankhwa was a merchant and philanthropist who founded Nepal Sambat. It is said that he got rich thanks to the gold accumulated in the Bishnumati River. He then used this wealth to free all the debts of the local people in the Kathmandu Valley.
Nepal Sambat was created with a new lunar calendar as a new beginning for the liberated people of Kathmandu. This calendar is still used by people to determine several festivals in the Newa community. He was added to the list of national heroes in 1999.
15. Sherpa Pasang Lhamu
She was the first Nepalese woman to climb the world’s highest mountain, Mount Everest. She had successfully climbed other peaks such as Mont Blanc (France), Mont Cho Oyu (8,201 m) before attempting Everest.
She peaked Everest on April 22, 1993, but tragically lost her life on the way down due to a sudden change in the weather. She was added to this list of national luminaries in 1999.
16. Mahaguru Phalgunanda
Mahaguru Phalgunanda was a saint and religious teacher known to have perpetuated the ancient Kirat religion on Puritan principles. He was born in 1885 in Ilam. He is known as the Mahaguru (the great master) among the Limbu, Rai, Sunuwar and other Kirati communities.
Phalgunanda received this title because of his preaching which included cultural and socio-economic messages like the ban on animal sacrifice, the ban on alcohol, and support for vegetarianism. In 1998, Phalgunanda was included in the list of national heroes.
17. Bhakti Thapa
Bhakti Thapa is one of the most famous military commanders of the Anglo-Nepalese War. He was born in Lamjung in 1741. Bhakti Thapa was put in the defense of the western border of Nepal during the Anglo-Nepalese War and he devoted himself to defending the western border from the British army.
He gave life on April 15, 1815, at the Battle of Deuthal. British commanders were so impressed by his bravery that he became a legend even in the eyes of British historians. On July 1 of this year, Bhakti Thapa became the last national hero of Nepal.