Regular Press Conference by Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Mao Ning on November 17, 2022
CCTV: Last night, President Xi Jinping and President Joko Widodo watched the operational trial of the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway via video link. Why was this event included in President Xi’s tight schedule in Indonesia?
Mao Ning: The Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway is a flagship project of China-Indonesia Belt and Road Cooperation. He is personally supported by the two presidents. It is the first overseas high-speed railway project that makes full use of Chinese railway systems, technology and industrial components. It is also the first high-speed railway in Indonesia and Southeast Asia. During his visit to Indonesia in 2013, President Xi Jinping launched the initiative to jointly build a 21st Century Maritime Silk Road. Next year will mark the tenth anniversary of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). The imminent completion of the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway will be a milestone and demonstrate that the Belt and Road cooperation between China and Indonesia is ready to be harvested.
Once commissioned, the high-speed railway will cut travel time from Jakarta to Bandung from over three hours to 40 minutes. It will help promote local economic and social development and strengthen regional connectivity. Recently, a rap song about the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway has become an internet hit in Indonesia, which shows how eagerly the Indonesian people are waiting for the completion of the project.
President Xi and President Widodo fully acknowledged the efforts made to forge synergy between the BRI and the Indonesian Global Maritime Fulcrum. They reached the important consensus of strengthening the two countries’ comprehensive strategic partnership and jointly building a China-Indonesia community with a shared future. They jointly witnessed the signing of many cooperation documents. We believe that under the strategic leadership of the two leaders, China-Indonesia relations will continue to flourish and further contribute to the well-being of the two peoples as well as the solidarity and cooperation of developing countries.
China Daily: These days, the ethical risks posed by artificial intelligence (AI) are of greater concern to the international community. We noted that on November 16, China submitted a position paper on strengthening the ethical governance of AI to the 2022 meeting of the High Contracting Parties to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons. Could you share more details?
Mao Ning: With its rapid progress and widespread application, artificial intelligence is having an increasingly visible complex impact on the political, economic, military and social aspects of countries around the world. Countries have realized that if misused or abused, AI could strike a blow to ethics and the legal system as we know it, and cause serious ethical problems. Improving the ethical governance of AI is now an important task facing the world.
China takes the need to prevent and manage AI-related risks and challenges very seriously and actively works to advance international AI governance. In December last year, the Chinese side submitted a position paper on regulating AI military applications to the UN Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons review conference, offering the vision and solution. from China to the difficult issues of AI governance.
The position paper submitted by China details our policy proposals regarding the ethical governance of AI that cover its regulation, research and development, use, and international cooperation. The position paper underscores China’s commitment to building a community with a shared future for humanity in the field of AI and efforts to uphold a people-centered approach and the principle of AI for good, ensure AI is safe, reliable, controllable and capable. to better empower global sustainable development and improve the common well-being of all humanity.
China will continue to pursue a vision of global governance characterized by shared growth through discussion and collaboration, and will work with the rest of the international community to advance the Global Development Initiative and the Global Security Initiative, respond correctly to the risks and challenges posed by the application of AI. , and work towards the formulation of a widely accepted international AI governance framework.
The Paper: Statistics from the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) showed that nearly three billion people worldwide are still not connected to the internet. Most of them are in developing countries. How should the international community cooperate to bridge the digital divide? What role will China play?
Mao Ning: Bridging the digital divide is an urgent task for the world. Better digital governance is a hope shared by many. China takes the digital divide very seriously. At the G20 summit in Hangzhou, China, as the host of the G20, put the digital economy on the G20 agenda for the first time. This week, at the G20 summit in Bali, President Xi Jinping again presented China’s proposal on bridging the digital divide.
President Xi stressed that prioritizing development is the key to bridging the digital divide. Countries should jointly promote connectivity in the digital age and take effective measures to promote digital literacy and skills for all. It is particularly important to help developing countries and disadvantaged groups adapt to digital transformation.
To improve digital governance, it is important to defend multilateralism. Countries should make concerted efforts to foster an open, inclusive, fair, just and non-discriminatory environment for the development of the digital economy. Building “a small yard with high fences” to limit or hinder scientific and technological cooperation will harm the interests of others without benefiting oneself. Such practices are incompatible with the common interests of the international community.
China will continue to work with other countries to foster a balanced, coordinated and inclusive global digital economic landscape that benefits everyone and is characterized by win-win cooperation and shared prosperity.
Kyodo News: According to reports, Chinese and Japanese leaders are scheduled to hold talks in Thailand this afternoon. What are China’s expectations?
Mao Ning: I gave the answer yesterday. If you are interested, I can repeat what we expect from this meeting. China and Japan are close neighbors and important countries in the region. This year marks the 50th anniversary of the normalization of China-Japan relations. We hope the two sides will stick to peace and friendship, expand mutually beneficial cooperation, manage differences, and work together to build a China-Japan relationship that lives up to the call of the new era.
A press release will be issued after the meeting. Please check for updates.
Yonhap News Agency: According to reports, on November 17, the DPRK Foreign Minister in a statement warned the United States of a fiercer military response in response to the United States’ strengthening of the extensive deterrence against allies in the region. This was followed by the DPRK firing a ballistic missile towards its eastern waters. Do you have a comment?
Mao Ning: We noted the DPRK’s response to “strengthening extended deterrence” in the joint statement by the United States, Japan and the ROK. We hope all parties will face the core issues of the Korean Peninsula and address each other’s concerns in a balanced manner, especially the DPRK’s legitimate concerns.
AFP: A US court has sentenced a Chinese citizen intelligence officer to 20 years in prison for stealing trade secrets from US and French aerospace companies. Do you have a comment on this?
Mao Ning: The US accusations are simply false. We request the US side to handle the matter without bias and in accordance with law and to protect the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese citizens.
Reuters: A New Zealand government spokesman said today that Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern expected to meet President Xi Jinping on Friday on the sidelines of the APEC summit. The spokesperson described the meeting as currently confirmed. What is the comment of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs?
Mao Ning: China and New Zealand are important cooperation partners for each other. This year marks the 50th anniversary of the establishment of our diplomatic relations. China is ready to work with New Zealand, uphold the principle of mutual respect and win-win cooperation, maintain high-level interactions, and strengthen exchanges and cooperation to jointly advance the growth of partnership. comprehensive China-New Zealand strategy. As for the bilateral meeting you mentioned, I have nothing to share at the moment.