Show your trump card: write results in life sciences

The results section of an article is of primary interest to readers as it provides new and hitherto unknown facts to the scientific literature. Readers are always eager to read your results. Results are the engine of scientific expression. Presenting your results honestly is always necessary in scientific writing, although your findings may not be very promising.

In addition, presenting your results in scientific communications with honesty gives you high self-satisfaction. Posting false results to become famous or to increase the length or content of your CV is not acceptable. The results of the experiments described in the methods are presented in the results section of a manuscript in a clear and easy to understand manner with statistical analysis.

Results can be presented more effectively with the help of clear pictures and tables in the results section. The Scientific Communication Results section summarizes the results of the methods you used in a manuscript in a clear and concise manner without using any interpretations. The results section is not the place to describe your methods or experimental details.

Main conclusions

In other words, the results section displays your main findings from your investigations in an unbiased sequence or logical aspect, allowing readers for clarifications or late assessments in the discussion section. One of the main purposes of a results section is to break your results down into clear sentences that show their importance to the problem you are studying. The results section also provides strong support for your hypothesis.

Avoid discussing or interpreting your results in this section. Avoid presenting the same data or repeating the same information several times. Also avoid presenting tables with blurry images and data. Blurry images and data give the reader a negative view of the status of your article. This section includes both results and data that is displayed in text, figures, tables or graphs. The results are written in the textual data, the most crucial part of the results, are expressed in tables or figures with dynamic interaction.

Tables are used to summarize a large amount of data and to organize and display data clearly as text or paragraphs. In addition, the tables help to facilitate calculations. Rather, figures or graphs are used to express data that is not presentable as table text, allowing readers to understand the information in a quick and easy way. A summary of what appears in tables and figures without reiterating all the numbers is recommended in a text in the results and discussion section.

A well-written scientific communication includes the results of each method described in the Methods Describing the Results of Experimental and Control Groups. Authors are strongly advised to avoid inappropriate results but without neglecting valid anomalies, which call into question your research hypothesis or do not support the available scientific literature.

I have met famous writers on science writings who advise reporting everything in science communications, including negative results. However, in my opinion, reporting negative results or negative findings is not straightforward and will make it difficult for researchers to reflect on current scientific theories or findings. Additionally, it prevents your study from replicating, which can directly affect your survey citations. It is important to note that citation of unpublished data is also not recommended by high impact journals, unless the hypothesis under study has strong support.

It is always important to emphasize the statistical significance in the results section. However, the authors should clearly understand the difference between the statistical and biological significance of your results. Static analysis is an analytical way to predict or express the validity of your data. Biological significance indicates how your findings are truly significant to a basic scientific phenomenon.

Scientific communication

In scientific communications, different ways have been used to display the results: (A) chronological order, (B) general to specific, (C) most to least important and (D) grouping of results by subject.

Unless otherwise stated in the journal guidelines, authors are free to select an ideal model in a logical manner. Of these, chronological order is commonly used and simple, and the results are expressed alongside the methods followed in a manuscript. General to specific means are frequently used in manuscripts describing clinical findings. Most important to least important or meaning is used when the authors immediately illustrate something important. Grouping of results by subject is frequently seen in scientific communications which describe the comparison of tests, analytical methods and diagnostic methods.

Since not all results are of equal importance in a science paper, authors should highlight important findings and tone down less important so that readers can distinguish them. To highlight important results, authors can always start paragraphs by including the most important results. Paragraphs should be free from repetitions and long sentences. References rarely seen in the results section.

Uploading additional results or data as an additional file will help keep your results section clean and concise. The present tense is commonly used in the results section, except in some hypothesis testing studies where the past tense is used. In particular, it has been reported that he used simple terms such as show, demonstrate, indicate, Illustrate, highlight, mean, state, observe, confirm, etc. when viewing results. It is advisable to use the term “importance” only to indicate statistical significance.

I have seen the term “reveal” in a number of articles related to the life sciences. But, some famous scientific authors advise against using this term because it indicates that something comes from magic. Additionally, avoid using emotional words such as sadly, remarkably, interesting, and critical in the results to describe your results. Also, avoid using negative sentences. For example, the sentence “patients without kidney disease were not included” can be simplified by removing the negative terms “without and not”: patients with kidney disease were included. An article outlining tips for writing a successful discussion will be available next week.


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