Why the cities along the Silk Roads in Uzbekistan are so special (and should be visited)

For centuries, the world’s highway has been the Silk Road, with Uzbekistan at its heart. When the sea and then air commerce later submerged the land, the Silk Road gradually became unused. Under Soviet rule, the countries and cultures of Central Asia languished for all but strayed for travelers with the waves of international trade.

However, recently Central Asia began to re-launch access to a new breed of travelers who wanted to rediscover the beauty of the lost Silk Road. Many Silk Road tourist spots can be found in Uzbekistan, serving as a central crossroads for travelers and traders who ply the routes of Europe and the Far East, North Africa and the Persian.

The history lover’s best friend

While Alexander the Great tormented the city around 329 BC. An Arab attack in the 8th century converted the region to Islam, and the sister city of Samarkand, Bukhara, began its development into a major center of Muslim learning. Kokand, Khiva, Samarkand and Bukhara continued as sovereign states until the 18th century. However, they turned into divisions of Tsarist Russia, and it was not until 1929 that it merged with Soviet Uzbekistan.

  • Muslim Arabs conquered the territory in the 8th century AD, and the aboriginal Samanid dynasty launched a threat of empire in the 9th century.
  • Genghis Khan invaded Uzbekistan in 1220.
  • During the 1300s, an empire arose with Samarkand as its capital. Uzbekistan’s heritage dates back around 2,500 years. Besides its economic importance, the territory flourished to become the intellectual center of the medieval Muslim world.

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Unmissable cities to visit in Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan, a country in Central Asia, is famous for its spectacular mosques, madrasas, mausoleums and other sites related to the Silk Road. This route is the prehistoric trade route connecting the Mediterranean and China. If you love Islamic architecture and stunning historical sites, you will love visiting Uzbekistan! Here are three of the must-see cities in Uzbekistan.


Among the main stops on the Silk Road for travelers, Samarkand is considered one of the most populous and oldest cities. This city, once occupied by Alexander the Great, was then called Marakanda. Today, it is the pledge of an incredible past, and the authorities maintain it very well. It has been on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 2001. Besides history, Samarkand is also particularly famous for baking bread. People say that no other bread tastes better than those baked in Samarkand.

Stays in Samarkand

  • B & B Emir – $ 15.00
  • Bibikhanum Hotel – $ 60.00
  • Asia Samarkand – $ 102.00


There you will find minarets and madrasas as well as an imposing royal fortress. Bukhara, an important place for religion, commerce and culture, is also located on the Silk Road. An exciting thing to do here is take a bath in the Bozori Kord Hamman, built in the 14th century. You can also choose to have a massage here.

Stays in Bukhara

  • Malika Bukhara Hotel – $ 37.00
  • Asia Bukhara Hotel – $ 55.00
  • Hyatt Regency – $ 163.00


Tashkent is a fantastic city with a lot to offer. It is the capital of Uzbekistan and it is the place where everyone goes. The city of Tashkent shows its Soviet influence on its sleeve and is quite modern and cosmopolitan. This is where you can experience the best that Uzbekistan has to offer, with activities such as trekking and rafting readily available to travelers. For those looking for a dining experience like no other, the city is home to some of the best restaurants that serve great Uzbek cuisine.

Stays in Tashkent

  • Oriental Palace – $ 36.00
  • Uzbekistan Hotel – $ 53.00
  • City Palace Hotel – $ 100.00

Unmissable little-known cuisine

The cuisine of Uzbekistan is not well known. However, things are changing quickly, especially in Tashkent which has won delicious restaurants, raising tourism standards throughout the region. It is even now possible to cross vegetables on the menu. Although serving yourself is the native custom, reserve the meat for last so that everyone can have a reasonable share. This indicates the persistent habits of nomads, in which kindness to a traveler is the true hospitality offered.

Delicious local cuisines

  • Uzbek bread – $ 8.40
  • Uzbek Osh – $ 30.00
  • Uzbek Plov / Osh – $ 30.00
  • * The price varies according to the size of the group.

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The best authentic products to remember from your trip

No trip would be complete without some memories. Here you can find authentic native products, such as an embroidered cotton suzani. They are traditionally created by brides as part of their dowry and used as bedspreads or pillow cases. They make great memories that are easily wrapped up. While in Uzbekistan, head to a local market to pick up these essentials and more.


  • Silver jewelry
  • shaggy fur hats
  • Vibrant embroidered clothing
  • Decorations
  • Hammered brass
  • Handmade rugs
  • Cheap Chinese plastics

Uzbekistan’s climate changes dramatically every season

Uzbekistan is extremely continental. In general, it is extremely hot in the south and freezing in the north. In December, average temperatures in the north can be 18ᴼF, while in the south it can be 32ᴼF.

  • Excessive fluctuations can drop temperatures down to -31ᴼF.
  • Temperatures can reach 113ᴼF during the summer.

A visa for Uzbekistan is surprisingly cheap

The cost of an Uzbekistan e-visa is relatively cheap and one can use a debit card or a credit card to pay. Some residents can go visa-free for months, depending on their country of origin. Those coming from Hong Kong and China, however, are limited to 7 days.

Cost of visa

  • $ 20
  • Duration of visa-free stay
  • Varies by country
  • Some 30-90 days

For centuries Uzbekistan has been considered the highway of the world. Desert fortresses, mosaic-decorated madrasas and bustling market bazaars, with Uzbekistan at the center. Over the years, Uzbekistan’s Silk Road has grown and changed, altering the map of the Silk Road and the different cultures found along the route.

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